SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

20

This study sought to evaluate the incidence and causes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at different time periods following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).

0

This study aimed to identify the perceptions of orthodontic treatment among Korean adults and determine the factors that drive them to seek orthodontic treatment.

0

The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the vertical position of maxillary first molar and vertical skeletal measurements in lateral cephalograms by using new linear measurements on the vertical axis of coordinates with calibration.

0

To evaluate the mandibular buccal shelf (MBS) in terms of the angulation and bone depth and thickness according to sex, age, and sagittal and vertical skeletal patterns in a Colombian population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Accordingly, the optimal site for miniscrew insertion in this area was determined.

0

To systematically review studies on canine agenesis prevalence in different populations and continents, based on the jaw, sex, location, and associated dental anomalies.

0

The liver is the most common anatomical site for hematogenous metastases of colorectal cancer, and colorectal liver metastasis is one of the most difficult and challenging situations in the treatment of colorectal cancer. In order to improve the diagnosis and comprehensive treatment in China, the Guidelines have been edited and revised for several times since 2008, including the overall evaluation, personalized treatment goals and comprehensive treatments, to prevent the occurrence of liver metastases, improve the resection rate of liver metastases and survival. The revised Guideline version 2020 includes the diagnosis and follow-up, prevention, multidisciplinary team (MDT), surgery and local ablative treatment, neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy, and comprehensive treatment, with state-of-the-art experience and findings, detailed content, and strong operability.

0

Robotic minimally invasive surgery is an important trend in the modern surgical techniques. The publish of Chinese Expert Consensus on Robotic Surgery for Colorectal Cancer (2015 Edition) has played an important role in the standardization, promotion and application of robotic colorectal cancer surgery. With the concept update and technological progress, robotic colorectal cancer surgery has been further developed. Based on this, on the basis of 2015 expert consensus, the Chinese Expert Consensus on Robotic Surgery for Colorectal Cancer (2020 Edition) is revised and published to supplement, update and improve the theoretical and technical system, so as to better guide clinical practice.

0

Gastric cancer is a common type of malignant tumors, but its clinical prognosis remains unsatisfactory. Up to 2020, a growing number of high-quality clinical researches has provided reliable evidence for clinical practice. Evidences from surgery, perioperative treatment and immunotherapy, such as changes in surgical methods, improvement of perioperative chemotherapy and combination of immune and chemotherapy strategy, provided the possibility to improve the clinical efficacy of gastric cancer. In our clinical practice, gastrointestinal surgeons need to integrate the current research progression and develop individualized strategy for different patients, which is expected to further improve the prognosis and quality of life for patients with gastric cancer.

0

Located in the pelvic cavity and contiguous to the anal sphincter complex and urogenital organs, the rectum has more intricate anatomical features compared with the colon. Consequently, the treatment of rectal cancer involves more consideration, including pelvic radiation, lateral lymph node dissection, transanal access, postoperative function, sphincter preservation, and nonoperative management. Based on the last set of American society of colon and rectal surgeons (ASCRS) practice parameters for the management of rectal cancer published in 2013, the 2020 guidelines present evidence-based updates for both long-existing and emerging controversies on surgical management of rectal cancer. These updates include the indication for local resection, lymph node dissection for radical proctectomy, minimally invasive surgery, the “watch and wait” strategy for patients with clinical complete response, and prevention of anastomotic leak. Meanwhile, the guidelines recommend a risk-stratified approach for perioperative therapies for non-metastatic disease, and an individualized multimodality treatment based on treatment intent for synchronous metastatic disease.

0

In the past 30 years, minimally invasive surgery has been greatly improved with the development of the energy platform, instrument platform, and imaging platform. Taking colorectal cancer surgery as an example, the five elements of surgical procedure have developed to a certain extent. The surgical approach has undergone a process from large to small. The range of resection ranges from simple bowel resection to radical resection/extended radical resection, and then to surgery that focuses on preserving organ function. With the recognition of the direction of normal lymphatic drainage and the characteristics of tumor lymphatic metastasis, lymph node dissection has been gradually standardized. The reconstruction of the digestive tract has changed from manual sutures to full endoscopic anastomosis, and then to the concept of functional anastomosis. The removal of the specimen has improved from large incision through the abdominal wall, to small laparoscopic incision, and then to the natural cavity. The evolution of these procedures depends on the advancement of technology platforms and equipment, and the recognition of new concepts. The development of minimally invasive platform must be in the direction of ensuring the implementation of the most optimized surgical approach. The platform is more secure, integrated, multifunctional, and intelligent. In the future, minimally invasive procedures must be aimed at maximizing the benefits of patients. The procedures are more scientific, functional, comfortable and diverse. Surgical innovation has promoted the development of the platform. The platform and the surgical procedure promote each other’s development.