SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: The Journal of clinical psychiatry

247

Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) poses a substantial burden to health care payers including employers, costing an estimated $29 billion-$48 billion yearly in the United States. Furthermore, variation of burden across increasing levels of resistance and the potential impact of TRD on employment status remain largely unexplored.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, United States, United Kingdom, Poverty in the United States, Barack Obama, Massachusetts, World War II

176

Major depressive disorder may be due to psychoneuroimmunological dysfunction, as studies have documented increased levels of a variety of inflammatory mediators in depressed subjects. Nitric oxide (NO) is marker of inflammation, and fractional exhaled NO (FeNO) is a marker of airway inflammation. Plasma NO and FeNO levels have been shown to be lower in subjects with depression in small studies. We sought to assess the association of depression with C-reactive protein (CRP) and FeNO levels in a large and representative sample of the US population.

Concepts: Inflammation, Nitric oxide, Bipolar disorder, Major depressive disorder, Seasonal affective disorder, C-reactive protein, Types of psychological depression, Exhaled nitric oxide

125

Valbenazine, a highly selective vesicular monoamine transporter 2 inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of tardive dyskinesia. This is the first report of long-term effects in adults with tardive dyskinesia.

Concepts: Tardive dyskinesia, Transporter 2

85

Age-appropriate criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young children have been established. The present study investigated the long-term course of such PTSD and its predictors in young children.

Concepts: Complex post-traumatic stress disorder, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Stress

64

Associations between adolescent cannabis use and poor neurocognitive functioning have been reported from cross-sectional studies that cannot determine causality. Prospective designs can assess whether extended cannabis abstinence has a beneficial effect on cognition.

33

32

Asenapine is a second-generation antipsychotic used to treat individuals with schizophrenia. This phase 3 study assessed efficacy and safety of HP-3070, an asenapine transdermal system (patch), in adults with schizophrenia.

30

Little is known regarding the temporal trends in prescriptions, nonmedical use, and emergency department (ED) visits involving prescription stimulants in the United States. Our aim was to examine these 3 national trends involving dextroamphetamine-amphetamine and methylphenidate in adults and adolescents.

Concepts: United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Medical prescription, New Jersey, Robert Nozick, United States Department of Education

29

To assess the effect of dose increase in adult patients with schizophrenia who demonstrate inadequate initial response to standard-dose lurasidone and to evaluate the efficacy of low-dose lurasidone in adult patients with schizophrenia.

Concepts: Randomized controlled trial, Effectiveness

24

Research has indicated that internet addiction is associated with psychosocial maladjustment in adolescence. Many epidemiologic surveys are lacking representativeness, and knowledge on disorder-specific risk factors is scarce. One weakness of epidemiologic studies often regards their lack of generalizability to clinical reality. The aim of this study was to provide a detailed description of internet addiction among adolescents, focusing on its prevalence in a population-based context, psychopathological correlates, and predisposing factors.

Concepts: Psychology, Epidemiology, Disease, Statistics, Medical statistics, Abnormal psychology, Psychiatry, Biostatistics