Journal: Systematic parasitology
A synopsis of the species of Myxobilatus Davis, 1944 (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Myxobilatidae) is presented. Thirty-nine nominal species are included. The major characteristics and an illustration are given for each species based on the original records.
Dactylogyrids (Monogenoidea: Polyonchoinea) parasitising the gills of snappers (Perciformes: Lutjanidae): Species of Euryhaliotrema Kritsky & Boeger, 2002 from the golden snapper Lutjanus johnii (Bloch) off northern Australia, with a redescription of Euryhaliotrema johni (Tripathi, 1959) and descriptions of two new species
Three species of Euryhaliotrema Kritsky & Boeger, 2002 (Monogenoidea: Dactylogyridae) were collected from the gills of four golden snapper Lutjanus johnii (Bloch) (Lutjanidae) from the marine and brackish waters off Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Type-specimens of Ancyrocephalus johni Tripathi, 1959 apparently have not survived and the possibility existed that the species was based on specimens representing more than one species. Euryhaliotrema johni (Tripathi, 1959) (sensu Young, 1968) was redescribed and determined to most likely represent A. johni, originally described from the River Hooghly, Diamond Harbour, India. Two new species were described. Euryhaliotrema longibaculoides n. sp. was most similar to Euryhaliotrema longibaculum (Zhukov, 1976) Kritsky & Boeger, 2002 from Lutjanus spp. from the western Atlantic Ocean. It differed from E. longibaculum by having a male copulatory organ (MCO) with an elongate comparatively delicate shaft and a bulbous base (MCO U- or J-shaped with funnel-shaped base in E. longibaculum). Based on the comparative morphology of the haptoral sclerites, Euryhaliotrema lisae n. sp. was most similar to Euryhaliotrema cryptophallus Kritsky & Yang, 2012 from the gills of the mangrove red snapper Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskål) from the South China Sea. Euryhaliotrema lisae differed from E. cryptophallus by having a copulatory complex with an obvious weakly sclerotised J-shaped MCO (MCO cryptic, delicate, and with a shaft comprising about one counterclockwise ring in E. cryptophallus).
Sphaeromyxa spp. are parasites of marine fishes, infecting the gall-bladders or bile ducts. The spores of these species possess characteristic ribbon-like polar filaments, a unique character among myxozoans. This unique character is also a synapomorphy consistent with estimates of phylogeny for this group which forms a lineage distinct from other myxozoans. There are 49 nominal species of Sphaeromyxa Thélohan, 1892 for which a synopsis is provided, reporting spore dimensions, spore shape, locality, and host species. A line drawing is also provided for each species.
An annotated list of tapeworms of the genus Gangesia Woodland, 1924 (Cestoda: Proteocephalidea), parasites of siluriform fishes in Asia, is provided. Based on the morphological examination of museum specimens and newly collected material from China, Japan and Russia, as well as the results of a previous revision of the Indomalayan species, only eight of more than 50 nominal taxa are considered to be valid. These are: from India and neighbouring countries, Gangesia bengalensis (Southwell, 1913) (type-species), G. agraensis Verma, 1928, both from Wallago attu (Bloch & Schneider) (Siluridae), G. macrones Woodland, 1924 from Sperata seenghala (Sykes) (Bagridae) and G. vachai (Gupta & Parmar, 1988) from different catfishes (type-host Eutropiichthys vacha (Hamilton); Schilbeidae), and, from the Palaearctic, G. margolisi Shimazu, 1994, a parasite of Silurus biwaensis (Tomoda) (Siluridae) in Japan, G. oligonchis Roitman & Freze, 1964 from Tachysurus fulvidraco (Richardson) (Bagridae) in Russia, and G. parasiluri Yamaguti, 1934 and G. polyonchis Roitman & Freze, 1964, both from Silurus asotus L. (Siluridae) in Japan and Russia, respectively. The poorly known G. oligonchis is redescribed. Seven new synonyms are proposed: G. chauhani Mathur & Srivastav, 2000, G. wallaguae Pradhan, Kulkarni, Kale & Wakle, 2010 and G. shivajiraoi Dhole, Waghmare & Chavan, 2012 are synonymised with G. agraensis; G. striatusii Bhure & Nanaware, 2012 and Silurotaenia govindii Sawarkar, 2013 with G. macrones; G. spasskajae Demshin, 1987 with G. polyonchis; and Silurotaenia spinula Chen, 1984 with Postgangesia orientalis Akhmerov, 1969. Gangesia pseudobagrae Chen, 1962 is considered to be a species inquirenda, whereas G. chauhani Mathur, 1992 and G. dineshei Jaysingpure, 2002 are recognised as unavailable names. An amended generic diagnosis of Gangesia and a key to the identification of its recognised species are also provided.
Our helminthological examination of murid rodents on Luzon Island, Philippines, revealed a remarkable diversity of Hymenolepis Weinland, 1858. Here we describe two new species based on specimens from murid rodents Rattus everetti (Günther) and Apomys datae (Meyer) collected from Luzon Island. Hymenolepis alterna n. sp. differs from all known species of Hymenolepis in having irregularly alternating genital pores. This feature has not been reported from any previously known member of Hymenolepis. Additionally, Hymenolepis alterna n. sp. also differs from other Hymenolepis spp. in the relative position of both poral and antiporal dorsal osmoregulatory canals which are shifted towards the middle of the proglottis in relation to the ventral canals on both sides of the proglottides, and in having curved or twisted external seminal vesicle, covered externally by a dense layer of intensely stained cells. Hymenolepis bilaterala n. sp. differs from all known species of Hymenolepis in the relative position of both poral and antiporal dorsal osmoregulatory canals, which are shifted bilaterally towards the margins of proglottides in relation to the ventral canals, and in possession of testes situated in a triangle and eggs with very thin outer coat. A total of seven species of Hymenolepis are known from the Philippine archipelago. This total includes the cosmopolitan species Hymenolepis diminuta (Rudolphi, 1819), which was likely introduced to the island with invasive rats. Strikingly, all seven known species occur on the island of Luzon alone. By comparison, only six Hymenolepis spp. are known from the whole Palaearctic and seven from the Nearctic despite a much better level of knowledge of rodent helminths in these zoogeographical regions, as well as vast territories, diverse landscapes and very rich rodent fauna. This suggests that Hymenolepis spp. may have undergone an unusually active radiation in the Philippines. Possible explanations of this phenomenon are discussed.
Three species of Ergasilus Nordmann, 1832 are reported from the gills of Salminus spp. in Brazil. Ergasilus salmini Thatcher & Brazil-Sato, 2008 from Salminus brasiliensis Cuvier is redescribed, based on examination of paratypes. The study revealed morphological differences from the original description, especially in the morphology of the cephalothorax and the ornamentation of antenna, antennule and legs. Ergasilus lacusauratus n. sp. described from S. brasiliensis in lake Lagoa Dourada (Paraná) differs from the only known species from this host group, E. salmini, in the shape and size of the cephalothorax and the general morphology of the egg-sacs. Ergasilus sinefalcatus n. sp. from S. franciscanus Lima & Britsky in River São Francisco (Minas Gerais) closely resembles E. pitalicus, E. coatiarus and E. leporinidis in the lack of a pectinate seta on the first exopodal segment, a feature common in species of Ergasilus in the Neotropics. Ergasilus sinefalcatus n. sp. differs from these species in the presence of a spiniform process on the coxae of legs 2, 3 and 4, an ornament never reported from freshwater species of Ergasilus in South America.
Furcohaptor brevis n. sp. is described from the gills of Cynoglossus robustus Günther caught in the Seto Inland Sea off Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Although Furcohaptor Bijukumar & Kearn, 1996 has been assigned to the Ancyrocephalinae Bychowsky, 1937 in the Dactylogyridae Bychowsky, 1933, this genus is transferred to the Diplectaninae Monticelli, 1903 in the Diplectanidae Monticelli, 1903 based on both morphological and molecular data. An amended generic diagnosis is provided.
A new species of parasitic copepod, Choniomyzon inflatus n. sp., is described based on specimens collected from the external egg masses of the smooth fan lobster Ibacus novemdentatus Gibbes captured in the North Pacific Ocean off Ainan, Ehime Prefecture, western Japan. The new species differs from its congeners in having a globular to ovoid prosome, in bearing asymmetrically arranged denticles at a rounded apex of both the terminal segment of the antenna and the maxilliped, and in lacking serrate lobes on the basis of legs 1 and 2. The species is similar in size and shape to the host’s eggs, which may be interpreted as egg mimicry. The new species is the first member of Choniomyzon Pillai, 1962 from subtropical regions.
A new species of Hamacreadium Linton, 1910, H. cribbi n. sp. is described from Lethrinus miniatus (Forster) from the waters off New Caledonia. It is compared with the other species of Hamacreadium reported from lethrinids and is characterised by the size of its eggs which tend to be larger [72-93 (84) vs 54-81 (56) µm long] than those of other species. Other characteristics, such as body size and shape and internal ratios, differentiate H. cribbi from other species; these differences are discussed in detail.
Prior to the present study, species of the trematode family Monorchiidae Odhner, 1911 had been reported from four of the ten families of tetraodontiform fishes: the Balistidae, Monacanthidae, Ostraciidae and Tetraodontidae. Here we report the first monorchiid from the family Triacanthidae, Pseudohurleytrema yolandae n. sp. infecting Tripodichthys angustifrons (Hollard), from Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. The species conforms well to the morphological concept of the subfamily Hurleytrematinae Yamaguti, 1958, and the genus Pseudohurleytrema Yamaguti, 1954, in the possession of filamented eggs, a bipartite terminal organ, and a unipartite seminal vesicle. Relative to the other three recognised species of Pseudohurleytrema, the present species is distinctive in the size of the testis and eggs, position of the ovary, and the form of the vitellarium and excretory vesicle. We consider Pseudohurleytrema magnum Kaikabad & Bilqees in Bilqees, 1991 as a species inquirenda. Sequence data for the 28S ribosomal RNA gene and cox1 mitochondrial gene were generated for P. yolandae, providing the first molecular data for the genus. Phylogenetic analysis showed that P. yolandae does not form a clade with the other three hurleytrematine genera for which there are molecular data (Helicometroides Yamaguti, 1934, Hurleytrematoides Yamaguti, 1953 and Provitellus Dove & Cribb, 1998), forming a poorly-supported clade with Proctotrema addisoni Searle, Cutmore & Cribb, 2014 within the clade of the subfamily Monorchiinae Odhner, 1911. The four hurleytrematine genera resolved as four distinct clades, indicating that the current subfamilial classification requires comprehensive revision.