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Journal: Surgery today


Ventral hernias are common surgical targets. The Bard(®) Ventralex™ Hernia Patch was introduced for the repair of such hernias in the early 2000s. Ethicon (Johnson & Johnson) introduced the Proceed™ Ventral Patch (PVP™) in the late 2000s for the same indication. The effectiveness and safety of the Bard(®) Ventralex™ Hernia Patch has been proven in a series of studies. There are no medical studies on the PVP™ in humans. This study examines the effectiveness and safety of PVP™ in the closure of ventral hernias.

Concepts: Surgery, Hernia, Pediatric surgery


The aim of the study was to compare the clinical outcomes and histological findings in prompt and delayed appendectomy for acute appendicitis.

Concepts: Medicine, General surgery, Appendicitis, Vermiform appendix, Appendicectomy


We have devised a modified seton technique that resects the external fistula tract while preserving the anal sphincter muscle. This study assessed the technique when used for the management of complex anal fistulas.

Concepts: Stomach, Muscular system, Fistula, The Technique, Sphincter, Anal fistula, Seton stitch, Anus


In rectal cancer surgery, it is unclear whether the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) should be ligated as high as possible, at its origin, or low, below the origin of the left colic artery. We reviewed all relevant articles identified from MEDLINE databases and found that despite a trend of improved survival among patients who underwent high ligation, there is no conclusive evidence to support this. High ligation of the IMA is beneficial in that it allows for en bloc dissection of the node metastases at and around the origin of the IMA, while enabling anastomosis to be performed in the pelvis, without tension, at the time of low anterior resection. High ligation of the IMA does not represent a source of increased anastomotic leak in rectal cancer surgery and postoperative quality of life is improved by preserving the hypogastric nerve without compromising the radicality of the operation. More importantly, high ligation of the IMA improves node harvest, enabling accurate tumor staging. Although the prognosis of patients with node metastases at and around the origin of the IMA is poor, the survival rate of patients with rectal cancer may be improved by performing high ligation of the IMA combined with neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy.

Concepts: Cancer, Breast cancer, Lung cancer, Colon, Adjuvant, Middle colic artery, Inferior mesenteric artery, Left colic artery


PURPOSE: Nonspecific esophageal motility disorder (NEMD) is a vague category that includes patients with poorly defined contraction abnormalities observed during esophageal manometry. This study investigated the therapeutic effects of the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach using long myotomy and fundopexy for NEMD. METHODS: The VATS approach using myotomy and fundopexy was performed for 4 patients of NEMD between 2005 and 2008. A total of 4 patients with NEMD that underwent treatment at our institution were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The patients included 2 males and 2 females with a median age of 48 years (range 21-74 years). The median duration of NEMD symptoms was 58 months (range 4-108 months). Dysphagia was a primary symptom in all patients. Chest pain was a primary symptom in 3 of 4 patients (75 %). Treatment with medication was attempted before the operation. The median operative time was 344.5 min (range 210-476 min). The median time before starting oral feeding was 2.5 days (range 2-22 days). All patients achieved a significant improvement of their previous condition. CONCLUSIONS: The VATS approach using myotomy and fundopexy for NEMD is a good treatment in cases resistant to medication and balloon dilation.

Concepts: Surgery, Gastroesophageal reflux disease, Achalasia, VATS lobectomy, Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, Nutcracker esophagus, Esophageal motility study, Esophageal motility disorder


PURPOSE: In previous studies, a lack of antibiotic prophylaxis, smoking and obesity were described as factors that contribute to the development of a surgical site infection (SSI) after pilonidal disease (PD) surgery. In this study, we evaluated whether the volume of the excised specimen (VS) was a risk factor for SSI. METHODS: The patients who underwent surgical treatment for PD from January 2010 through December 2011 were retrospectively evaluated in terms of SSI, time off work and healing time. The single and multiple explanatory variable(s) logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: One-hundred and sixty patients were included in the study. SSI occurred in 19 (11.9 %) patients. In the multiple explanatory variable logistic regression analysis, VS was emerged as a risk factor for SSI (OR 18.78, 95 % CI 2.38-148.10; P < 0.005). The healing time and time off work were longer when a SSI occurred (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the rate of SSI after the surgical treatment of PD is higher in patients with a high VS. A SSI significantly prolongs the healing time. Surgeons can use this data for assessing the SSI risk. As a preventive measure, prolonged use of an empiric broad-spectrum antibiotic may be beneficial in patients with a high VS.

Concepts: Scientific method, Regression analysis, Logistic regression, Linear regression, Risk, Surgery, Pilonidal cyst, Empiric therapy


We herein report the case of a 67-year-old female with a solitary hepatic granuloma preoperatively diagnosed as a mass-forming type of intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma. Magnetic resonance imaging using gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid as a contrast medium is expected to be useful for making a differential diagnosis between hepatic granuloma and other hypovascular liver tumors, such as the mass-forming type of intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma and metastatic liver tumors.

Concepts: Cancer, Oncology, Medical terms, Medical imaging, Radiography, Magnetic resonance imaging, Differential diagnosis, Contrast medium


Platelets are the smallest blood constitutes which contain three types of granules; alpha granules, dense granules, and lysosomal granules. Each granule contains various biophysiological substances such as growth factors, cytokines, etc. Platelets have been conventionally viewed as a trigger of inflammatory responses and injury in the liver. Some studies revealed that platelets have strong effects on promoting liver regeneration. This review presents experimental evidence of platelets in accelerating liver regeneration and describes three different mechanisms involved; (1) the direct effect on hepatocytes, where platelets translocate to the space of Disse and release growth factors through direct contact with hepatocytes, (2) the cooperative effect with liver sinusoidal endothelial cells, where the dense concentration of sphingosine-1-phosphate in platelets induces excretion of interleukin-6 from liver sinusoidal endothelial cells, and (3) the collaborative effect with Kupffer cells, where the functions of Kupffer cells are enhanced by platelets.

Concepts: Inflammation, Atherosclerosis, Angiogenesis, Coagulation, Liver, Hepatocyte, Platelet alpha-granule, Space of Disse


Extraskeletal chondroma is an unusual benign tumor, which rarely arises in the diaphragm. We report a case of chondroma of the diaphragm in a 31-year-old woman. Initially, a benign liver tumor with calcification was suspected, based on pre and intraoperative examination findings. Although parts of the tumor were contiguous with the diaphragm, its connections with the diaphragm were much narrower than its connection with the liver, which suggested a liver tumor. Pathological examination subsequently revealed that the chondroma was contiguous with the diaphragm and that there was a distinct border between the tumor and the liver; thus, the tumor was diagnosed as a chondroma of the diaphragm.

Concepts: Cancer, Liver, Greek loanwords, Benign tumor, Tumor, Neoplasm


Unexpected intraoperative bleeding during thoracoscopic surgery, necessitating emergency conversion to thoracotomy, is gradually being reported. We reviewed our experience of encountering unexpected bleeding during thoracoscopic surgery.

Concepts: Cardiothoracic surgery, Thoracic surgery