SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Rhode Island medical journal (2013)

32

The novel coronavirus (now called SARS-CoV-2) initially discovered in Wuhan, China, has now become a global pandemic. We describe a patient presenting to an Emergency Department in Rhode Island on March 12, 2020 with cough and shortness of breath after a trip to Jamaica. The patient underwent nasopharyngeal swab for a respiratory pathogen panel as well as SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR. When the respiratory pathogen panel was positive for human metapneumovirus, the patient was treated and discharged. SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR came back positive 24 hours later. Although respiratory viral co-infection is thought to be relatively uncommon in adults, this case reflects that SARS-CoV-2 testing algorithms that exclude patients who test positive for routine viral pathogens may miss SARS-CoV-2 co-infected patients.

24

There is increasing interest in the use of yoga as way to manage or treat depression and anxiety. Yoga is afford- able, appealing, and accessible for many people, and there are plausible cognitive/affective and biologic mechanisms by which yoga could have a positive impact on depression and anxiety. There is indeed preliminary evidence that yoga may be helpful for these problems, and there are several ongoing larger-scale randomized clinical trials. The current evidence base is strongest for yoga as efficacious in reducing symptoms of unipolar depression. However, there may be risks to engaging in yoga as well. Healthcare providers can help patients evaluate whether a particular community-based yoga class is helpful and safe for them. [Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2016-03.asp, free with no login].

Concepts: Health care provider, Clinical trial, The Canon of Medicine, Evidence-based medicine, Systematic review, Randomized controlled trial, Avicenna, Major depressive disorder

23

The challenges trainees experience in the traditional medical clinic are felt to be one deterrent to choosing a primary care career.

Concepts: Health care, Physician, Medical school, Health care system, Specialty

1

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced assisted living facilities (ALF) to implement strict social isolation for residents. Social isolation in the geriatric population is known to negatively impact health. Here, we describe how ALFs in Rhode Island utilized device donations received from Connect for COVID-19, a nationwide nonprofit organization which has mobilized medical students to gather devices for donations to care centers.

0

To date, there have only been a few reports of reinfections in COVID-19 patients. The possibility of being reinfected with COVID-19 is poorly understood. In this case report, we describe an individual who was initially diagnosed in April 2020 with COVID-19. Seven months later, he presented again to the hospital with shortness of breath and was found to have COVID-19 reinfection. We also summarize a list of all known cases of COVID-19 reinfection at this time.

0

Data on effectiveness of ambulatory intravenous (IV) diuretic clinics for volume management in patients with heart failure to prevent rehospitalization and mortality are limited. Therefore, the primary goal of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of an out- patient multidisciplinary IV diuretic clinic versus standard observational hospitalizations of less than 48 hours for decompensated heart failure on the time to rehospitalization or death.

0

Home-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) heavily relies on patients' personal motivation to engage in behavior change. Patients' core values (e.g., health, family) may serve as motivational factors to strengthen program engagement. This study sought to identify personal values of veterans participating in home-based CR.

0

Traditional rehabilitation services, whether they are cardiac, pulmonary, or vascular, consist of 6-36 center-based, supervised sessions; however, due to COVID-19, in-person visits were suspended. This study sought to implement a transitional home-based treatment plan (HBTP) to patients.

0

Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) with Transbronchial Needle Aspiration (TBNA) is performed with a very low complication rate. We present a unique case of massive life-threatening hemothorax from bronchial artery bleeding after EBUS-TBNA, presenting in a delayed fashion and requiring operative intervention. Although exceedingly rare, along with the unusual delayed timing of the presentation, practitioners should be aware of this complication. It may be helpful to perform EBUS with color doppler examination of the subcarinal space to identify and avoid bronchial arteries prior to TBNA of subcarinal lymph nodes.

0

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the effects of existing health disparities throughout the United States. While Hispanic/Latino individuals account for only 16% of the Rhode Island (RI) population, Rhode Island Department of Health (RIDOH) data show that 45% of COVID-19 cases and 36% of individuals who have been hospitalized identify as Hispanic/Latino. ClĂ­nica Esperanza/Hope Clinic (CEHC) mobilized a comprehensive effort to offer telehealth visits, health education and accessible, walk-up COVID-19 testing for low-income, uninsured and Spanish-speaking individuals living in Rhode Island. With support from CEHC volunteers, the City of Providence, the State of Rhode Island, and local foundations, CEHC has administered 1,649 individual COVID-19 tests as of October 2020. The overall COVID-19 test positivity rate at CEHC was 23%, peaking in April at 48%. Additionally, CEHC has distributed more than 1,600 meal boxes to patients experiencing food insecurity, provided emergency financial resources, while rapidly scaling up healthcare services for the increasing numbers of uninsured individuals in RI.