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Journal: Physical therapy in sport : official journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine


Determine how the strength and endurance of the plantar flexors are affected by Achilles tendinopathy and whether one muscle is more affected than another.


To determine how gluteus medius (Gmed) and maximus (Gmax) activate during closed-chain functional rehabilitative exercises in those with and without chronic ankle instability (CAI).

Concepts: Gluteal muscles, Gluteus medius muscle


To compare the incidence, severity and nature of injuries sustained by Saudi National Team footballers during match-play and training on natural grass and 3rd generation (3G) artificial turf.

Concepts: Artificial turf, Grass


PURPOSE: To compare the short-term effects of a neurodynamic sliding technique versus control condition on hamstring flexibility in healthy, asymptomatic male soccer players. SUBJECTS: Twenty-eight young male soccer players from Palencia, Spain (mean age 20.7 yrs ± 1.0, range 19-22) with decreased hamstring muscle flexibility. METHODS: Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: neurodynamic sliding intervention or no intervention control. Each subject’s dominant leg was measured for straight leg raise (SLR) range of motion (ROM) pre- and post-intervention. Subjects received interventions as per group allocation over a 1 week period. Data were analyzed with a 2 (intervention: neurodynamic and control) × 2 (time: pre and post) factorial ANOVA with repeated measures and appropriate post-hoc analyses. RESULTS: A significant interaction was observed between intervention and time for hamstring extensibility, F(1,26) = 159.187, p < .0005. There was no difference between the groups at the start, p = .743; however, at the end of the study, the groups were significantly different with more range of motion in the group that received neurodynamic interventions, p = .001. The group that received neurodynamic interventions improved significantly over time (p < .001), whereas the control group did not (p = .684). CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that a neurodynamic sliding technique can increase hamstring flexibility in healthy, male soccer players.

Concepts: Time, Scientific method, Experimental design, Design of experiments, Analysis of variance, Straight leg raise, Tukey's range test


The treatment and evaluation of a stiff and painful shoulder, characteristic of adhesive capsulitis and “frozen” shoulders, is a dilemma for orthopedic rehabilitation specialists. A stiff and painful shoulder is all-inclusive of Adhesive capsulitis and Frozen Shoulder diagnoses. Adhesive capsulitis and frozen shoulder will be referred to as a stiff and painful shoulder, throughout this paper. Shoulder motion occurs in multiple planes of movement. Loss of shoulder mobility can result in significant functional impairment. The traditional treatment approach to restore shoulder mobility emphasizes mobilization of the shoulder overhead. Forced elevation in a stiff and painful shoulder can be painful and potentially destructive to the glenohumeral joint. This manuscript will introduce a new biomechanical approach to evaluate and treat patients with stiff and painful shoulders.

Concepts: Orthopedic surgery, Shoulder, Adhesive capsulitis of shoulder, Hydrodilatation, Glenohumeral joint


To observe postural characteristics of female dressage riders, through application of three-dimensional motion analysis and to assess the effects of athletic taping on postural asymmetry during sitting trot.

Concepts: Scientific method, Randomized controlled trial, Dressage


(i) To assess the reliability of knee crepitus measures, (ii) to investigate the association between knee crepitus and PFP; (iii) to investigate the relationship between knee crepitus with self-reported function, physical activity and pain.


Concussion is widely discussed in online sports news articles, but the terms used to report this injury vary. This study aimed to use a systematic search strategy and explore the description of sports concussion in online sports news articles.

Concepts: Concussion, Explorer


Establish the effectiveness of kinesiology tape (KT) on sports performance abilities compared to that of other tapes or no tape with consideration to the application methodology, timeframe, and outcome measurement.


To establish the reliability and responsiveness of a clinical test battery developed to determine readiness to return to sport after an upper extremity injury. A second objective was to examine the limb symmetry in single limb tests.