SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Journal of neurosurgical sciences

26

The aim of this registry was to evaluate the effects of supplementation with Robuvit (French Quercus robur extract) capsules in subjects with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) associated with an increased oxidative stress. Robuvit is a wood extract from Quercus robur (Horphag Research Ltd) used to improve liver dysfunction and chronic fatigue. After excluding any disease, subjects observed a defined management plan to improve CFS. Signs/symptoms had been present for more than 6 months in association with an increase in oxidative stress (measured as plasma free radicals). Blood tests were within normal values.

Concepts: Cancer, Blood, Oxidative stress, Radical, Liver disease, Chronic fatigue syndrome, Oak, Quercus robur

25

In addition to radiotherapy, the utility of surgical decompression and stabilization in patients with metastatic vertebral body tumors causing cord compression, progressive deformity and/or intractable pain has been well demonstrated. Minimally invasive approaches are an attractive alternative to traditional procedures as they may reduce the degree of disruption of normal anatomy, decrease blood loss, shorten hospital stays and reduce the risk of infection or wound dehiscence. The extreme lateral approach is a procedure that provides access to the anterior spine through a small incision along the flank utilizing a unique retractor system without disruption of posterior vertebral elements, spinal musculature and ligaments.

Concepts: Cancer, Oncology, Surgery, Chemotherapy, Lumbar vertebrae, Prostate cancer, Vertebral column, Melanoma

25

Myxopapillary ependymoma (MPE) is a rare variant of ependymoma which usually occurs in the conus medullaris or the filum terminale. It is usually a single encapsulated lesion.

Concepts: Spinal cord, Cauda equina, Ependymoma, Filum terminale, Conus medullaris

25

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are undifferentiated, multipotent cells, which have the ability to self-renew and differentiate into many tissue types. MSCs have shown therapeutic applications in different medical fields and could represent a successful treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD). Several studies have demonstrated, ex vivo or in animal models, the MSCs efficacy in spine surgery. The authors aim to demonstrate their efficacy in humans.

Concepts: Medicine, Cancer, Stem cell, Mesenchymal stem cell, Bone marrow, Stem cells, Cellular differentiation, Adipocyte

25

The terms frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) indicate a large set of neurodegenerative diseases, heterogeneous in their genetic, pathologic and clinical aspects.

Concepts: Neuroscience, Neurodegeneration, Neurodegenerative disorders, Frontotemporal dementia, Frontotemporal lobar degeneration, Neurodegenerative diseases

24

Stroke causes a significant social and economic burden to the society. Despite advancement in awareness and prevention of stroke, there are still limited treatment options for stroke patients. One of the emerging experimental therapies for stroke is stem cell transplantation. The conventional belief of stem cell mechanisms is that the protective effects are produced by either cell replacement or releasing trophic factors. While the exact mechanisms of action of stem cells are not completely understood, recent evidence demonstrates another possible mechanism of stem cells. This new approach emphasizes on the formation of a biobridge between the damage area and the endogenous neurogenic niches of the brain. The transplanted cells can form a pathway which promotes the proliferation and migration of the endogenous stem cells. This paper discusses the use of stem cell transplantation for stroke with an emphasis on the new biobridge concept. Also discussed are the current challenges faced before this approach can advance to the clinical setting.

Concepts: Neuron, Brain, Cell division, Stem cell, Stem cells, Cell biology, Stroke, Traumatic brain injury

24

After failing of autologous cranioplasty or when the bone flap is unavailable, the alloplastic (heterologous) materials are the choice for cranial reconstruction. No agreement has been reported about the material with a significant lower risk of septic complications. This is due to extremely heterogeneous prognostic factors related not only to the material used but also to the surgical procedures and/or to the timing of the procedure. More attention should be focused on the material whose characteristic could enable a delay in bacterial colonization, where an antibiotic therapy could be effective, without need of prosthesis removal.

Concepts: Medicine, Bacteria, Surgery, Materials science, Antibiotic, Material

24

Odontoid fractures (OF) are the most frequent cervical spine fracture type in the elderly, often following low-velocity falls. The rise in life expectancies has led to an increase in octogenarians suffering OF, for which the optimal treatment remains undetermined.

Concepts: Death, Gerontology, Old age, Ageing, Aging, Retirement, Cervical vertebrae, Cervical fracture

21

The indication of hydroxyethyl starch is currently under critical discussion and albumin 5% (ALB) has an increasing use in the operating theatre. Therefore, ALB is routinely used in neurosurgical procedures and often combined with mannitol 20% (MAN). Purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the influence of the combination of MAN and ALB on blood coagulation and platelet function.

1

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide. Surgical intervention is one of the main pillars of TBI management. The mainstay of treatment for substantial intracranial haematomas is surgical evacuation. In addition, patients with TBI may have brain swelling and increased intracranial pressure (ICP). If the latter is refractory to medical management, surgical interventions can be helpful. In this review we seek to outline the major tenets of the surgical management of TBI.