Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Electronic physician


The prevalence of smoking is much higher in prisoners than it is in the general population. Prisoners who smoke cause many health problems for themselves and other prisoners. Therefore, we should help them stop smoking.

Concepts: Nicotine gum, Clinical trial, Nicotine patch, Tobacco smoking, Epidemiology, Nicotine, Smoking, Smoking cessation


Migraine headache is a prevalent periodical and neurological impairment that is associated with functional disorders. Regarding the side effects of available medications, research is continuing in an effort to identify new, effective pharmaceutical regimens with limited side effects.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Effect, Food and Drug Administration, Medicine, Paracetamol, Effectiveness, Pharmacology, Clinical trial


Preterm birth is a worldwide health concern due to its various negative consequences. Therefore, the prevention of preterm birth is a top priority for healthcare systems in all countries.

Concepts: Magnesium sulfate, Preterm birth, Epidemiology, Health care, Medicine, Cervix, Clinical trial, Childbirth


N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been used as a classic treatment for hepatotoxicity induced by N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI) as a metabolite of acetaminophen. However, cimetidine theoretically can reduce the production of toxic metabolites through the inhibition of cytochrome p450, and it recently was proposed as a complementary treatment for acetaminophen toxicity.

Concepts: Cytochrome P450, Toxicology, Metabolism, NAPQI, Glutathione, Acetylcysteine, Paracetamol


Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is one of the most common disorders of the knee. Conservative approaches, as well as surgery, can decrease pain and the syndrome’s progress effectively.

Concepts: Myofascial pain syndrome, Pain,, Clinical trial, Effectiveness, Avicenna, The Canon of Medicine


Prostate cancer is now the third most frequent noncutaneous malignancy in Iranian men and the fifth most common cancer worldwide. Measurement of total serum prostate specific antigens (PSAs) has been one of the strongest predictors of biochemical progression and overall survival in determining the efficacy of definitive external beam radiation therapy in patients with localized prostate cancer. The aim of this research was to identify the 5-year biochemical progression-free survival (BFS) and related prognostic and predictive factors of localized prostate cancer patients who were treated with definitive external beam radiotherapy.

Concepts: Radiation oncology, Oncology, Hormonal therapy, External beam radiotherapy, Proton therapy, Prostate cancer, Cancer, Radiation therapy


Detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhotic patients remains a serious, unsolved problem, and the risk factors for acute variceal bleeding (AVB) in HCC patients remain unclear. This study aimed to determine the in-hospital mortality (IHM) and factors influencing the clinical outcomes of AVB in patients with liver cirrhosis and HCC.

Concepts: Cancer, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Hepatitis B, Liver, Liver transplantation, Hepatitis C, Esophageal varices, Cirrhosis


Hyponatremia is common in cirrhosis. The relationship between hyponatremia and severity of cirrhosis is evidenced by its close association with the occurrence of complications, the prevalence of hepatic encephalopathy, hepatorenal syndrome, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, refectory ascites, and hepatic hydrothorax. The aim of this study was assess the impact of hyponatremia on the occurrence of both liver-related complications and the hemodynamic cardiovascular dysfunction.

Concepts: Hepatic portal vein, Liver, Hepatorenal syndrome, Gastroenterology, Ascites, Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, Hepatic encephalopathy, Cirrhosis


Health literacy is one of the main determinants of health promotion. Regarding the influential role of the women in a society, enhancing their critical health literacy would be a prerequisite for the promotion of public health. The aims of this study were to determine the level of health literacy among fertile Iranian women with breast cancer and to determine the relationship between the health literacy level and socio demographic factors, such as age, educational level, occupation, age of marriage, duration of marriage, and several clinical factors, including taking psychiatric medication and the type of breast surgery among breast cancer patients.

Concepts: Population health, Cancer, Breast cancer, Epidemiology, Health literacy, Demography, Literacy, Medicine


In spite of the widespread use of automation in industry, manual material handling (MMH) is still performed in many occupational settings. The emphasis on ergonomics in MMH tasks is due to the potential risks of workplace accidents and injuries. This study aimed to assess the effect of box size, frequency of lift, and height of lift on maximum acceptable weight of lift (MAWL) on the heart rates of male university students in Iran.

Concepts: Effects unit, Heart rate, Rates, Effect, Music, Force, Student, Manual handling