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Journal: Current opinion in ophthalmology


To evaluate relevant clinical outcomes following a transzonular intravitreal injection of a compounded triamcinolone-moxifloxacin-vancomycin (TMV) formulation for postoperative prophylaxis after cataract surgery in a retrospective review of medical records from a private practice, single-specialty ambulatory center in New Jersey, USA.

Concepts: Pharmacology, Medicine, United States, Surgery, Ophthalmology, Pharmaceutical drug, New York City, New Jersey


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an evidence-based comparison of aqueous shunts in common use. RECENT FINDINGS: Aqueous shunts are being used with increasing frequency in the surgical management of glaucoma. Recent retrospective studies and prospective clinical trials have compared the outcomes of different shunt designs. Larger end-plate size is associated with greater intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction, but there may be an upper limit beyond which a further increase in plate surface area does not contribute beneficially to pressure control. The biocompatibility of plate material may also influence shunt efficacy. The flow restrictor of the Ahmed glaucoma valve provides an added level of safety by reducing the risk of postoperative hypotony, but this implant also appears to have a higher incidence of bleb encapsulation. SUMMARY: Several aqueous shunts are commercially available, and all have been shown to be safe and effective in lowering IOP. Studies comparing aqueous shunts have provided valuable information to assist in surgical decision-making in similar patient groups.

Concepts: Clinical trial, Surgery, Effectiveness, Intraocular pressure, Ophthalmology, Glaucoma valve, Limit superior and limit inferior, Shunt


To describe the history and literature related to four-muscle tenotomy procedure for nystagmus.

Concepts: Anthropology, History of science, Humanities, Historian


Adult strabismus can cause many symptoms, which have generally been divided into functional complaints and social complaints. The validity of surgical correction has historically been based on the restoration of functional improvement. In the absence of this expectation, surgery was labeled cosmetic. Yet, many studies have revealed the immense impact of ocular misalignment on psychosocial variables. The purpose of this article is to review the potential functional and psychosocial benefits of strabismus surgery and to summarize the development and status of questionnaires to help quantify these benefits.

Concepts: Life, Surgery, Ophthalmology, Parenting, Strabismus, Adult, Human Development Index, Adult development


To review the current features and classification of choroidal melanoma, and to identify the lesions that clinically simulate choroidal melanoma (pseudomelanoma).

Concepts: Melanoma, The Current, Uveal melanoma, Clinical death


This review provides a perspective on the Age-related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2) including a summary of the goals and rationale of the study, major findings, subsequent management recommendations, and questions that remain to be answered.

Concepts: Perspective


The use of the femtosecond laser (FSL) in cataract surgery may represent the largest advancement in the field since the inception of phacoemulsification. The goal of this review is to outline the benefits of and barriers to this technology.

Concepts: Surgery, Ophthalmology, Phacoemulsification, Cataract, Cataract surgery


Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Despite increasing public awareness of IPV, little information is available regarding the prevalence, associated injury patterns, and impact of IPV as a mechanism of ocular and orbital trauma. The purpose of this review is to summarize the literature regarding the impact of IPV in ophthalmology and provide team members with guidance on appropriate practices for screening and referral.

Concepts: Domestic violence, Function, Violence, Violence against women, Team


The present review seeks to summarize and discuss the application of clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated systems (Cas) for genome editing, also called genome surgery, in the field of ophthalmology.

Concepts: Present, Medicine, Surgery, Ophthalmology, Application software


The manuscript presents a review of recently published studies reporting objective and subjective outcomes and preoperative considerations of asymmetrical multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs).

Concepts: Intraocular lens, Objective pronoun, Corrective lenses, Asymmetric warfare