Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Journal: Air medical journal


Our purpose was 2-fold: 1) to show emergency-related traumatic injury and acute disease patterns and 2) to evaluate air rescue process times in a remotely located German offshore wind farm. Optimally, this will support methodologies to reduce offshore help time (time from the incoming emergency call until offshore arrival of the helicopter).

Concepts: Surgery, Injury, Germany, Physical trauma, Wind power, Wind farm, Floating wind turbine, North Sea


The main objective of the Norwegian air ambulance service is to provide advanced emergency medicine to critically ill or severely injured patients. The government has defined a time frame of 45 minutes as the goal within which 90% of the population should be reached. The aims of this study were to document accurate flying times for rotor wing units to the scene and to determine the rates of acute primary missions in Norway.

Concepts: Time, Medicine, Illness, Ambulance, Emergency medical services, Paramedic, Emergency medical technician, Medical emergency


This study correlated the eFAST findings performed in-flight by the flight crew with the findings obtained by the trauma team upon initial evaluation at a level 1 trauma center and with the subsequent CT scans that were performed or the surgeon’s operative note. We hypothesize that aeromedical eFAST examinations are highly correlated with the trauma teams findings.

Concepts: Hospital, American College of Surgeons, Emergency medicine, Emergency department, Trauma team, Helicopter, Atlus


The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic disrupted health care delivery in every respect, including critical care resources and the transport of patients requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Innovative solutions allowing for safe helicopter air transport of these critical patients is needed because extracorporeal membrane oxygenation resources are only available in specialty centers. We present a case demonstrating the interfacility collaboration of care for a patient with coronavirus disease 2019 infection and the lessons learned from the air transport. Careful planning, coordination, communication, and teamwork contributed to the safe transport of this patient and several others subsequently.


Advances in technology and decreasing costs have led to an increased use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) by the military and civilian sectors. The use of UAVs in commerce is restricted by US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations, but the FAA is drafting new regulations that are expected to expand commercial applications. Currently, the transportation of medical goods in times of critical need is limited to wheeled motor vehicles and manned aircraft, options that can be costly and slow. This article explores the demand for, feasibility of, and risks associated with the use of UAVs to deliver medical products, including blood derivatives and pharmaceuticals, to hospitals, mass casualty scenes, and offshore vessels in times of critical demand.

Concepts: Medicine, Physician, Pharmaceutical drug, Transport, Vehicle, Automobile, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Helicopter


The optimal patient transportation destination of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive variables that determine stroke outcomes depending on the patient transportation destination.


Patients suffering from traumatic cardiopulmonary arrest (TCPA) typically demonstrate dismal survival rates. Some helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) systems transport TCPA patients via ground with a referring agency when cardiopulmonary pulmonary resuscitation is in progress. With expanding research on the inherent risk of ground emergency medical services (GEMS) transport with the use of lights and sirens to both crew and the general public, the benefits may not outweigh the risks of transporting these patients by GEMS. The aim of this study was to determine the number of TCPA patients transported by GEMS with HEMS crews on board who survived to hospital discharge.


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in the frequent transfer of critically ill patients, yet there is little information available to assist critical care transport programs in protecting their clinicians from disease exposure in this unique environment. The Lifeline Critical Care Transport Program has implemented several novel interventions to reduce the risk of staff exposure.


The purpose of this study was to find a predictive equation for estimating the optimal nasal endotracheal tube insertion depth in extremely low-birth weight infants (ELBWs) requiring invasive ventilation in the critical care interfacility transport setting.


Patients suffering from severe injury or illness can benefit from the care and transport of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS). This may be due to the speed of transport, level of care, expertise of flight crews, and access to specialized equipment and tools. One such tool is point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS). POCUS-based lung and cardiac evaluations can positively influence the assessment and care provided to critically ill HEMS patients, but how these procedures can best be learned by nonphysician flight crewmembers has not been fully explored.