SciCombinator

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Concept: Technology assessment

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One of the challenges facing hearing care providers when recommending hearing aids is the choice of device technology level. Major manufacturers market families of hearing aids that are described as spanning the range from basic technology to premium technology. Premium technology hearing aids include acoustical processing capabilities (features) that are not found in basic technology instruments. These premium features are intended to yield improved hearing in daily life compared with basic-feature devices. However, independent research that establishes the incremental effectiveness of premium-feature devices compared with basic-feature devices is lacking. This research was designed to explore reported differences in hearing abilities for adults using premium- and basic-feature hearing aids in their daily lives.

Concepts: AIDS, Device, Personal life, Technology, Input device, Hearing aid, Technology assessment, Hearing range

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Assessment of ethical aspects of a technology is an important component of health technology assessment (HTA). Nevertheless, how the implementation of ethical assessment in HTA is to be organized and adapted to specific regulatory and organizational settings remains unclear. The objective of this study is to present a framework for systematic identification of ethical aspects of health technologies. Furthermore, the process of developing and adapting the framework to a specific setting is described.

Concepts: Management, Technology, Specific Identification, Technology assessment

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Health technology assessment (HTA) has over the past three decades become a well-established part of decisions about allocation of resources in many countries. Despite this, little is known about HTA’s impact on health systems. Few studies have evaluated the benefits of HTA for health outcomes, for access to care or for public budgets. In contrast, HTA has relatively clear upfront costs, which could potentially discourage policy-makers from establishing HTA agencies, especially in low income countries with restricted resources. It may be premature, though, to dismiss this approach altogether, as less tangible modernizing goals are still significant.

Concepts: Health care, Medicine, Evaluation, Technology, Scarcity, Resource allocation, Technology assessment, Allocation of resources

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Hospital-based health technology assessment (HB-HTA) is becoming increasingly relevant because of its role in managing the introduction and withdrawal of health technologies. The organizational arrangement in which HB-HTA activities are conducted depends on several contextual factors, although the dominant models have several similarities. The aims of this study were to explore, describe, interpret, and explain seven cases of the application of HB-HTA logic and to propose a classification for HB-HTA organizational models which may be beneficial for policy makers and HTA professionals.

Concepts: Critical thinking, Evaluation, Model, Policy, Technology, Introduction, Technology assessment, Technology Management

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To determine the preferred methodologies of health technology assessment (HTA) agencies across Europe, Canada and Australia to ascertain acceptance of indirect treatment comparisons (ITC) as a source of comparative evidence.

Concepts: Evaluation, Assessment, Australia, Technology, Refugee, Technology assessment, Health sciences

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Identify the most relevant, applicable, and priority good practice principles in health technology assessment (HTA) in Latin America, and potential barriers to implementing them in the region.

Concepts: United States, Spanish language, Technology, German language, Americas, Technology assessment

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Evaluation is crucial for integration of e-Health/m-Health into healthcare systems and health technology assessment (HTA) could offer sound methodological basis for these evaluations. Aim of this study was to look for HTA reports on e-Health/m-Health technologies and to analyze their transparency, consistency and thoroughness, with the goal to detect areas that need improvement.

Concepts: Health economics, Medicine, Healthcare, Evaluation, Technology, Project management, Technology assessment

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This study investigates the temporal changes in development of technology convergence networks by institution type, i.e., public research institute (PRI), university and industry. Using the co-classification of technological domains of patents, we identified technology convergence of Korean patents, which were filed at Korea Intellectual Properties Office (KIPO) from 1997 to 2011. We conducted a network analysis at the technology level to search for the key technology fields and frequent instances of technology convergence. The results show that technology convergence networks have grown significantly in the recent period regardless of the institution type. While industries started to conspicuously engage in technology convergence in the late 1990s, universities or PRIs did not do so until the mid-2000s. This discrepancy in the phase of technology convergence is attributed to the temporal difference in R&D stage (e.g., basic research and commercial product development). Our findings imply that corporal and governmental R&D management decision on promising technology fields will be more effective if the decision makers carefully consider the type of R&D entity in analyzing technological landscapes.

Concepts: Technology, Innovation, Society, Neolithic, Research and development, Technology assessment, Technological evolution, Technological convergence

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To enhance usage of health technology assessment (HTA) in decision-making, it is important to prioritise important barriers and facilitators to the uptake of HTA. This study aims to quantify and compare the relative importance of barriers and facilitators regarding the use of HTA in several European countries.

Concepts: European Union, Europe, Technology, The UpTake, Technology assessment, Geography of Europe

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In April of 2014, the Turkish Ministry of Health held the First Annual Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Meeting in Antalya.

Concepts: Technology, Turkey, Anatolia, Turkish people, Technology assessment