Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Robotic surgery


We aimed to compare perioperative outcomes for procedures using the latest generation of da Vinci robot versus its previous version in rectal cancer surgery.

Concepts: Surgery, Robotic surgery, Da Vinci Surgical System


This paper reviews both commercial and academic results on creating fully mechanical (i.e. non-robotic) laparoscopic devices that provide wrists or wrist-like dexterity within the patient. Many of these devices aim to provide dexterity conceptually similar to the EndoWrist instruments of the da Vinci surgical robot, but without requiring computers and motors. The motivation is to provide high-dexterity instruments at a lower cost than current surgical robots offer. In this paper we review the state of the art in the development of these mechanical instruments, focusing on the surgeon interface, wrist mechanism, and the kinematic mapping between the two.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Robotic surgery, The Da Vinci Code, Da Vinci Surgical System, Surgical robots


This systematic review investigates the most common indications, treatments, and outcomes of surgical navigation (SN) published from 2010 to 2015. The evolution of SN and its application in oral and maxillofacial surgery have rapidly developed over recent years, and therapeutic indications are discussed.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Reconstructive surgery, Dentistry, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, American College of Surgeons, Microsurgery, Robotic surgery


Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has been adopted in some parts of the world as an innovative approach to the resection of oropharyngeal tumours. The development, details and outcomes of early-to-later phase evaluation of this technique and the quality of evidence to support its adoption into practice have hitherto not been summarised. The aim of this review is to identify and summarise the early and later phase studies of, and evidence for, TORS and to understand how early phase studies report intervention development, governance procedures and selection and reporting of outcomes to optimise methods for using the Idea, Development, Exploration, Assessment, Long-term follow-up (IDEAL) framework for surgical innovation that informs evidence-based practice. The protocol has been written in line with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols checklist.

Concepts: Medicine, Evaluation, Evidence-based medicine, Systematic review, Randomized controlled trial, Surgery, Meta-analysis, Robotic surgery


Robotic surgery has been in existence for 30 years. This study aimed to evaluate the overall perioperative outcomes of robotic surgery compared with open surgery (OS) and conventional minimally invasive surgery (MIS) across various surgical procedures.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Minimally invasive, Invasive, Invasiveness of surgical procedures, Open surgery, Minimally-invasive, Robotic surgery


To describe the surgeon characteristics associated with RARP adoption and determine the possible impact of this adoption on practice patterns and cost.

Concepts: Cancer, Metastasis, United States, Surgery, Prostate cancer, Radiation therapy, Surgeon, Robotic surgery


Existing surgical innovation frameworks suffer from a unifying limitation, their qualitative nature. A rigorous approach to measuring surgical innovation is needed that extends beyond detecting simply publication, citation, and patent counts and instead uncovers an implementation-based value from the structure of the entire adoption cascades produced over time by diffusion processes. Based on the principles of evidence-based medicine and existing surgical regulatory frameworks, the surgical innovation funnel is described. This illustrates the different stages through which innovation in surgery typically progresses. The aim is to propose a novel and quantitative network-based framework that will permit modeling and visualizing innovation diffusion cascades in surgery and measuring virality and value of innovations.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Avicenna, Patent, Innovation, Invention, Robotic surgery, Diffusion of innovations


The treatment of oropharyngeal cancer has undergone a paradigm shift in the past 2 decades, with an increase in the use of nonoperative treatment owing to poor functional outcomes associated with traditional surgical approaches. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) allows surgical resection of oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) with less morbidity through a minimally invasive approach.

Concepts: Time, Surgery, Chemotherapy, Minimally invasive, Term, Amputation, Robotic surgery, Da Vinci Surgical System


Operating room (OR) turnover time, time taken between one patient leaving the OR and the next entering, is an important determinant of OR utilization, a key value metric for hospital administrators. Surgical robots have increased the complexity and number of tasks required during an OR turnover, resulting in highly variable OR turnover times. We sought to streamline the turnover process and decrease robotic OR turnover times and increase efficiency.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Al-Andalus, Robotic surgery, Operating theater, Da Vinci Surgical System, Pit stop


To evaluate practice change after initiation of a robotic surgery program using a clinical algorithm to determine the optimal surgical approach to benign hysterectomy.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Tree, Computer program, Programming language, Decision tree, Robotic surgery, Da Vinci Surgical System