SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Radiofrequency ablation

164

To assess the technical safety and efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with immediate radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for large hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) (maximum diameter ≥ 5 cm).

Concepts: Hepatocellular carcinoma, Hepatology, Radiology, Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, Radiofrequency ablation

160

We aimed to validate actually achieved macroscopic ablation volumes in relation to calculated target volumes using four different radiofrequency ablation (RFA) systems operated with default settings and protocols for 3 and 5 cm target volumes in ex vivo bovine liver.

Concepts: Fundamental physics concepts, In vivo, Radiofrequency ablation

28

To identify the benefits of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation of Morton’s neuroma as an alternative to surgical excision.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Excision, Radiofrequency ablation, Morton's neuroma, Neuroma, Morton's Restaurant Group

28

PURPOSE: Chemical denervation is not recommended as part of the routine care of chronic non-cancer pain. Physicians face a dilemma when it comes to repeated interventions in cases of recurrent thoracolumbar facet joint pain after successful thermal radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in medial branch neurotomy. This study was performed to compare the effects of alcohol ablation (AA) with thermal RFA in patients with recurrent thoracolumbar facet joint pain after thermal RFA treatment. METHODS: Forty patients with recurrent thoracolumbar facet joint pain after successful thermal RFA defined as a numeric rating scale (NRS) score of ≥7 or a revised Oswestry disability index (ODI) of ≥22 % were randomly allocated to two groups receiving either the same repeated RFA (n = 20) or AA (n = 20). The recurrence rate was assessed with NRS and ODI during the next 24 months, and adverse events in each group were recorded. RESULTS: During the 24-month follow-up after RFA and AA, one and 17 patients, respectively, were without recurring thoracolumbar facet joint pain. The median effective periods in the RFA and AA groups were 10.7 (range 5.4-24) and 24 (range 16.8-24) months, respectively (p < 0.000). No significant complications were observed with the exception of injection site pain, which occurred in both groups. CONCLUSION: In our patient cohort, alcohol ablation in medial branch neurotomy provided a longer period of pain relief and better quality of life than repeated radiofrequency medial branch neurotomy in the treatment of recurrent thoracolumbar facet joint pain syndrome after successful thermal RFA without significant complications during the 24-month follow-up.

Concepts: Medical terms, Pain, Suffering, Myofascial pain syndrome, Pain management, Recurrence relation, Radiofrequency ablation

27

27

Catheter cryoablation of supraventricular tachycardias involving the perinodal regions is considered to be a safer alternative compared to radiofrequency ablation. Limited information is available for efficacy, midterm outcomes, and complications regarding the ablation of parahissian accessory pathways (APs) in pediatric patients.

Concepts: Medical terms, Physician, Supraventricular tachycardia, Radiofrequency ablation

26

Patients undergoing catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) often experience recurrent arrhythmias within the first few months post-ablation. We aimed to investigate whether short-term use of amiodarone to prevent early arrhythmias following radiofrequency ablation for AF could reduce later recurrence.

Concepts: Medical terms, Atrial fibrillation, Cardiac arrest, Cardiac electrophysiology, Amiodarone, Recurrence relation, Radiofrequency ablation, Cardiac dysrhythmia

26

AIM:: Endovenous thermal ablation (ETA) procedures are catheter-directed, ultrasound (US)-guided thermal methods for treatment in varicose veins disease. Radiofrequency, laser or steam energy thermally denatures vein wall collagen, leading first to vein wall inflammation, then fibrosis and finally to occlusion. The aim of this guideline is to give evidence-based recommendations for ETA procedures.

Concepts: Varicose veins, Sclerotherapy, Radiofrequency ablation, Endovenous laser treatment

25

Background Current guidelines recommend pulmonary-vein isolation by means of catheter ablation as treatment for drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Radiofrequency ablation is the most common method, and cryoballoon ablation is the second most frequently used technology. Methods We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial to determine whether cryoballoon ablation was noninferior to radiofrequency ablation in symptomatic patients with drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. The primary efficacy end point in a time-to-event analysis was the first documented clinical failure (recurrence of atrial fibrillation, occurrence of atrial flutter or atrial tachycardia, use of antiarrhythmic drugs, or repeat ablation) following a 90-day period after the index ablation. The noninferiority margin was prespecified as a hazard ratio of 1.43. The primary safety end point was a composite of death, cerebrovascular events, or serious treatment-related adverse events. Results A total of 762 patients underwent randomization (378 assigned to cryoballoon ablation and 384 assigned to radiofrequency ablation). The mean duration of follow-up was 1.5 years. The primary efficacy end point occurred in 138 patients in the cryoballoon group and in 143 in the radiofrequency group (1-year Kaplan-Meier event rate estimates, 34.6% and 35.9%, respectively; hazard ratio, 0.96; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76 to 1.22; P<0.001 for noninferiority). The primary safety end point occurred in 40 patients in the cryoballoon group and in 51 patients in the radiofrequency group (1-year Kaplan-Meier event rate estimates, 10.2% and 12.8%, respectively; hazard ratio, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.52 to 1.18; P=0.24). Conclusions In this randomized trial, cryoballoon ablation was noninferior to radiofrequency ablation with respect to efficacy for the treatment of patients with drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, and there was no significant difference between the two methods with regard to overall safety. (Funded by Medtronic; FIRE AND ICE ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01490814 .).

Concepts: Atrial fibrillation, Cardiac electrophysiology, Supraventricular tachycardia, Atrial flutter, Amiodarone, Digoxin, Radiofrequency ablation, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

24

To perform a meta-analysis examining the efficacy of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) alone or in combination with radiofrequency ablation (RFA), percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI), or high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Concepts: Medical terms, Hepatocellular carcinoma, Hepatology, Radiology, Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization, Radiofrequency ablation