SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Obturator canal

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Abdominal hernias are common with over 20 million hernia repairs performed worldwide. Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia. Inguinal and sports hernia have been discussed at length in recent literature, and therefore, they will not be addressed in this article. The noninguinal hernias are much less common but do occur, and knowledge of these hernias is important when assessing the athlete with abdominal pain. Approximately 25% of abdominal wall hernias are noninguinal, and new data show the order of frequency as umbilical, epigastric, incisional, femoral, and all others (i.e., Spigelian, obturator, traumatic). Return-to-play guidelines need to be tailored to the athlete and the needs of their sport. Using guidelines similar to abdominal strain injuries can be a starting point for the treatment plan. Laparoscopic repair is becoming more popular because of safety and efficacy, and it may lead to a more rapid return to play.

Concepts: Obturator canal, Athletic pubalgia, Bowel obstruction, Spigelian hernia, Surgery, Inguinal hernia, Hernias, Hernia

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Obturator hernia (OH) is a rare condition that accounts for 0.073-1% of abdominal hernias and 0.48% of bowel obstructions. OH frequently occurs in elderly women, with an incidence that increases with age. The only treatment for OH is surgical intervention, and the approaches used vary greatly. Consequently, a well-defined consensus has not yet emerged. We assessed the efficiency and safety of the midline extraperitoneal approach for OH. Six patients with OH repaired using the midline extraperitoneal approach at KKR Sapporo Medical Center between April 2011 and January 2016 were included in the study. We retrospectively evaluated the patient characteristics, intraoperative findings, and the postoperative course. All patients were elderly women [median age, 90 (range, 79-92) years], with a median body mass index of 17.0 (range, 15.6-18.3) kg/m2at presentation. All had symptoms associated with bowel obstruction: two patients presenting with leg pain had the Howship-Romberg sign. In two patients, bowel resection was required because of irreversible ischemic changes. Five patients had coexisting femoral and inguinal hernias that were repaired by bilateral mesh repair. One patient had aspiration pneumonia as a postoperative complication. All patients were discharged alive, without infection or recurrence. OH can be efficiently and safely repaired using the midline extraperitoneal approach. This approach establishes the diagnosis of OH, avoids injuring obturator vessels, gives improved exposure of the obturator canal, enables identification and simultaneous repair of other pelvic hernias, and facilitates bowel resection. This approach reduces the risk of mesh infection in patients undergoing bowel resection.

Concepts: Patient, Body mass index, Inguinal hernia, Obturator canal, Hernias, Surgery, Bowel obstruction, Hernia

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Obturator hernia (OH) is a rare cause of bowel obstruction. Although several surgical approaches, including the laparoscopic approach, have been reported to date, a standard approach for treating OH has not been established. A 101-year-old woman who presented with constipation and vomiting was admitted to our hospital. CT revealed an incarcerated small bowel within the left obturator foramen, and a diagnosis of left-sided incarcerated OH with small bowel ileus was made. With the patient under general anesthesia, exploratory laparoscopy was performed; we identified an OH with an incarcerated small bowel, which was judged viable after hernia reduction. We repaired the hernia using an anterior preperitoneal approach under laparoscopic assistance and placed a prosthetic mesh over the obturator foramen. The patient recovered with no postoperative complications and was discharged on postoperative day 4. A hybrid laparoscopic and anterior preperitoneal approach is safe and effective for treating an incarcerated OH in an elderly patient.

Concepts: Constipation, Obturator canal, Hernia, Vomiting, Anesthesia, Laparoscopy, Surgery, Bowel obstruction

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Incarcerated obturator hernia (IOH) is a scarce type of acute surgical disease, but the mortality rate is the highest in abdominal hernias. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of emergency exploratory laparotomy (EEL) in treating incarcerated obturator hernia (IOH).

Concepts: Pediatric surgery, Actuarial science, Obturator canal, Laparotomy, Hernias, Surgery, Hernia

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Obturator hernia is a rare clinical condition that causes intestinal obstruction. Recent reports have suggested that laparoscopic repair may be useful for incarcerated obturator hernia in select patients. The patient was a 64-year-old female who presented to our emergency department with a chief complaint of abdominal pain. Computed tomography (CT) imaging revealed an incarcerated obturator hernia on her right side, without apparent findings of irreversible ischaemic change or perforation. She had a previous history of cardiovascular surgery and was taking an anticoagulant medication. We performed a reduction of the incarcerated intestine. After heparin displacement, laparoscopic repair was electively performed. During laparoscopy, an occult obturator hernia was found on the left side. We repaired the bilateral obturator hernia using a mesh prosthesis. Elective laparoscopic repair after reduction might be a useful procedure for incarcerated obturator hernias in those patients without findings of irreversible ischaemic change or perforation.

Concepts: Hernias, Anticoagulant, Hospital, Obturator canal, Abdominal pain, Bowel obstruction, Hernia, Surgery

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Obturator hernia is a rare type of abdominal hernia that classically presents in elderly women. We report the case of 78-year-old woman with progressive vomiting, obstipation, and abdominal pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a left-sided obturator hernia, which was confirmed and treated at laparotomy. Demographics, symptoms, imaging findings, and management of obturator hernias is reviewed.

Concepts: Woman, Old age, Opioid, Hernia, Surgery, Hernias, Obturator canal, Bowel obstruction

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Hernia is described as the protrusion of an organ into the wall of its normal containing cavity. Internal hernia (IH) involves protrusion of viscera through: a peritoneal or mesentery defect, a normal or abnormal compartment of the peritoneal cavity. Hernias occurring in the pelvis cavity are usually classified according to the fascial margins breached and include sciatic, obturator and those through the rectouterin pouch: elytrocele and enterocele. Those hernias are defined by the protrusion of a viscus through the wall of the pelvis due to weakness of the pelvic fascia and/or muscles. Pelvic hernia through the pouch of Douglas (PD) involves the genital tract in female (elytrocele and enterocele). Sometimes described in the literature as Douglas hernia, this type of hernia must be distinguished from the conventional IH. As defined before, the borders to be considered for IH is the peritoneal membrane, which is not a real solid wall but delimitates the peritoneal cavity; and there is no peritoneal defect in elytrocele or enterocele. A PubMed search for IH through a defect in the peritoneal PD revealed only five female cases, making this an extremely rare condition. To our knowledge, we have presented here the only published case in a male. This probably congenital and morphologic anomaly (defect) of pouch of Sir Douglas must be distinguished as the real “Douglas IH”. Authors discuss the concept of a new and more detailed classification of IH.

Concepts: Vermiform appendix, Obturator canal, Muscle, Pelvis, Spinal disc herniation, Peritoneum, Hernia, Abdomen

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Obturator hernias are rare and are often diagnosed late. This case report discusses an 82-year-old female who had symptoms of subacute bowel obstruction. Following a computed tomography abdomen pelvis, she underwent a laparotomy for an incarcerated right obturator hernia. The hernia was repaired using a single suture and she made a good recovery. A review of the literature around obturator hernias is discussed.

Concepts: Obturator hernia, Pelvis, Surgery, Hernias, Medical terms, Obturator canal, Hernia, Bowel obstruction

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Ureteral herniations are a rare occurrence, generally found incidentally on cross sectional imaging or during surgical intervention for unrelated processes. Several locations of ureteral herniations can occur including the inguinal, femoral, sciatic, obturator, and thoracic regions. While few reports of ureteral hernias are reported in the literature overall, the vast majority of those reported are inguinoscrotal herniations found during evaluation and treatment of inguinal hernias. Pelvic outlet ureteral herniations intrinsically are more common secondary to their dependent locations. Intrathoracic ureteral herniations through diaphragmatic defects are an exceptionally rare subset of ureteral herniations and have only been described sparingly. Fewer than ten case reports of diaphramatic ureteral herniations have been reported and none have described both cystoscopic management and open reconstruction.

Concepts: Thorax, Obturator canal, Pelvis, Report, Inguinal hernia, Hernia, Spinal disc herniation, Surgery

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Infected aortofemoral grafts pose a formidable challenge with a significant risk of limb loss and high mortality. Despite successful reports of obturator canal bypass (OCB) for infected aortofemoral graft and complicated groins, the technique has not gained widespread use. We reviewed our experience with OCB and performed a systematic review of the literature.

Concepts: Obturator canal