SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Nationwide Building Society

44

To determine the nationwide incidence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and report nationwide changes in smoking rates between 1998 and 2012 in Finland.

Concepts: Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Nationwide Building Society, Building society, Cheshire Building Society, Nationwide

28

Best practices promulgated by the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma suggest that delay in surgery for adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO) should not exceed 5 days. This study aimed to probe the relationship between operative delay and adverse outcomes, defined as occurrence of a complication, requirement for bowel resection, prolonged postoperative stay, or death in ASBO using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.

Concepts: Crohn's disease, Constipation, Hernia, Bowel obstruction, General surgery, Best practice, Nationwide Building Society

23

There is increasing awareness that women may have worse outcomes following repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). The aim of this study was to analyse the association between sex, age and in-hospital mortality after AAA using hospital episode data collected routinely at the nationwide level.

Concepts: The Association, Aortic aneurysm, Aneurysm, Aortic dissection, Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva, Nationwide Building Society

14

Twin studies have provided evidence that both genetic and environmental factors contribute to schizophrenia (SZ) risk. Heritability estimates of SZ in twin samples have varied methodologically. This study provides updated heritability estimates based on nationwide twin data and an improved statistical methodology.

Concepts: Genetics, Statistics, Environment, Schizophrenia, Cultural studies, Heritability, Nationwide Building Society, Twin study

4

The U.S. lags in the nationwide implementation of primary prevention interventions that have been shown to be efficacious. However, the potential population health benefit of widespread implementation of these primary prevention interventions remains unclear.

Concepts: Public health, Demography, Nationwide Building Society

4

The purpose of this study was to examine racial and socio-economic differences in the receipt of laparoscopic or open surgery among patients with colorectal cancer, and to determine if racial and socio-economic differences exist in post-surgical complications, in-hospital mortality and hospital length of stay among patients who received surgery.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Cancer, Hospital, Surgery, Colorectal cancer, Physician, Open surgery, Nationwide Building Society

4

Perioperative ischemic optic neuropathy (ION) causes visual loss in spinal fusion. Previous case-control studies are limited by study size and lack of a random sample. The purpose of this study was to study trends in ION incidence in spinal fusion and risk factors in a large nationwide administrative hospital database.

Concepts: Epidemiology, United States, Poverty in the United States, U.S. state, Ophthalmology, At-large, Spinal fusion, Nationwide Building Society

4

We used a panel design and the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 19 states between 2003 and 2010 to examine the impact of texting bans on crash-related hospitalizations. We conducted conditional negative binomial regressions with state, year, and month fixed effects to examine changes in crash-related hospitalizations in states after the enactment of a texting ban relative to those in states without such bans. Results indicate that texting bans were associated with a 7% reduction in crash-related hospitalizations among all age groups. Texting bans were significantly associated with reductions in hospitalizations among those aged 22 to 64 years and those aged 65 years or older. Marginal reductions were seen among adolescents. States that have not passed strict texting bans should consider doing so. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print March 19, 2015: e1-e7. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2014.302537).

Concepts: Age, Ageing, Vehicle, Indian Reductions, Panel data, Nationwide Building Society, Ban, Ban Ki-moon

2

2

As concerns regarding health-care expenditure in the U.S. remain at the national forefront, outpatient arthroplasty is an appealing option for carefully selected patient populations. The purpose of this study was to determine the nationwide trends and complication rates associated with outpatient total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in comparison with standard inpatient TKA.

Concepts: Knee replacement, Nationwide Building Society, Volatility