Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Microsurgery


Osteoradionecrosis is a delayed complication from radiation therapy which causes chronic pain, infection and constant deformity after necrosis. Most of the osteoradionecrosis occurs spontaneously or after the primary oncologic surgery, dental extraction or by trauma of prosthesis. The treatment of osteoradionecrosis relies on both conservative measures and surgical measures. The fibular osteocutaneous free flap has become more popular choice for reconstruction of maxillofacial defects as a treatment of osteoradionecrosis.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation therapy, Dentistry, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Toothache, Microsurgery


In plastic surgery, skin damage induced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is a multifactorial process that often occurs. Methane gas has been reported to be a new therapeutic gas for attenuating I/R injury. In this study, we assessed the effects of methane-rich saline (MRS) in regulating apoptosis on skin flap I/R injury.

Concepts: Carbon dioxide, Surgery, Petroleum, Carbon, Plastic surgery, Reconstructive surgery, Natural gas, Microsurgery


Resorbable screw fixation for orthognathic surgery is widely used in oral and maxillofacial surgery and has several advantages. However, surgeons are concerned about using resorbable screws in orthognathic surgery because of possible postoperative complications such as relapse, screw fracture, and infection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the skeletal stability of bicortical resorbable screw fixation after sagittal split ramus osteotomies for mandibular prognathism.

Concepts: Surgery, Reconstructive surgery, Dentistry, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, American College of Surgeons, Orthodontics, Microsurgery, Orthognathic surgery


The treatment of facial palsy is a complex and challenging area of plastic surgery. Two distinct anatomical regions and functions are the focus of interest when managing facial palsy: (1) reanimation of the eyelids and (2) reconstruction of the smile. This review will focus on the treatment of ocular manifestations of facial palsy. The principles of eyelid rehabilitation will be presented along with a discussion of surgical and nonsurgical treatment options.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Plastic surgery, Reconstructive surgery, General surgery, Microsurgery, Blepharoplasty, Bell's palsy


To provide the best marketing strategy for a private clinic, knowledge of patients' preferences is essential. In marketing, conjoint analysis has been frequently used to calculate which attributes of a product are most valuable to consumers.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Plastic surgery, Marketing, Reconstructive surgery, General surgery, Microsurgery, Business


Abstract Introduction: Individual planning of complex maxillofacial corrections may require 3D models which can be manufactured based on DICOM datasets. The gold standard for image acquisition is still high-resolution multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT). However, appropriate datasets for model fabrication can be acquired by modern Cone-Beam CT (CBCT) devices that have been developed specifically for maxillofacial imaging. The clinical utility of individual models fabricated on the basis of CBCT datasets was assessed. Methods: In five patients affected by different deficiencies of the maxillofacial skeleton, preoperative imaging was performed with ILUMA CBCT. Segmentation of hard tissues was performed manually by thresholding. Corresponding STL datasets were created and exported to an industrial service provider (Alphaform, Munich, Germany) specializing in rapid prototyping, and 3D models were fabricated by the selective laser sintering (SLS) technique. For variance analysis, landmark measurements were performed on both virtual and 3D models. Subsequently, maxillofacial surgery was performed according to the model-based planning. Results: All CBCT-based DICOM datasets could be used for individual model fabrication. Detailed reproduction of individual anatomy was achieved and a topographic survey showed no relevant aberrance between the virtual and real models. The CBCT-based 3D models were therefore used for planning and transfer of different maxillofacial procedures. Conclusions: CBCT-based datasets can be used for the fabrication of surgical 3D models if the correct threshold is set. Preoperative workflow and patient comfort is improved in terms of the fast-track concept by using this “in-house” imaging technique.

Concepts: Surgery, Reconstructive surgery, Dentistry, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, Microsurgery, Rapid prototyping, Selective laser sintering, Craniofacial surgery


Sutureless technique following mandibular third molar surgery is an endearing concept in modern oral and maxillofacial surgery: regardless, few articles appear in literature with different methods, results, and flaps. A modern state of the art of this technique does not exist.In this article, an overview of studies regarding sutureless technique in mandibular third molar surgery is presented: relation to postoperative infection, recovery, and proper flap are discussed.

Concepts: Surgery, Reconstructive surgery, Dentistry, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, American College of Surgeons, Microsurgery, Art, Wisdom teeth


Even though modern surgical techniques are dominating reconstructive facial procedures, the capability to use facial epitheses for reconstruction is still an important skill for the maxillofacial surgeon. We present an international multicenter analysis to clarify which techniques are used to fixate facial prostheses. We contacted all maxillofacial departments in Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Norway which were registered with the German society for oral and maxillofacial surgery (DGMKG). These centers were asked via electronical mail to provide information on the type of epithesis fixation systems currently in use. The return rate from 58 departments was 43.1% (n = 25). Overall, implant fixation was the preferred fixation system (92%). Plates were the second most common fixation technique (32%). No centers reported the standard use of non-invasive fixation techniques for permanent epithesis fixation. The main retention systems in use were magnets (24/25), other retention systems are used much less often. The current preferred fixation technique for facial epitheses consists of implant-based, magnet-fixated epitheses. For nasal prostheses, a plate-based, magnet-fixated system is often used.

Concepts: Surgery, Prosthetics, Dental implant, Reconstructive surgery, Dentistry, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, American College of Surgeons, Microsurgery


Medial thighplasty, also known as medial thigh lift, is a procedure that has been carried out for five decades. The original “Lewis” technique has undergone many changes, and thereby been rendered widely available to plastic surgeons. Given the increasingly high number of surgical reconstructions after massive weight loss, this technique is now an integral part of a surgeon’s therapeutic arsenal as he strives to meet the evolving demands of patients. The objective of this article, which is based on a comprehensive review of the literature, is to summarize current knowledge on medial thighplasty and thereby allow plastic surgeons to adopt the operating technique best suited to the deformations presented by their patients and to the overall context. The different techniques, outcomes and complications are successively discussed.

Concepts: Medicine, Hospital, Surgery, Physician, Reconstructive surgery, General surgery, Microsurgery, Rhinoplasty


This systematic review investigates the most common indications, treatments, and outcomes of surgical navigation (SN) published from 2010 to 2015. The evolution of SN and its application in oral and maxillofacial surgery have rapidly developed over recent years, and therapeutic indications are discussed.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Reconstructive surgery, Dentistry, Oral and maxillofacial surgery, American College of Surgeons, Microsurgery, Robotic surgery