Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Ectopic pregnancy


A 30-year-old woman presented with an uncomplicated pregnancy until ultrasonography at 19 weeks revealed severe oligohydramnios and a fetus that appeared to be extrauterine. Imaging confirmed an abdominal ectopic pregnancy, with no uterine wall visible surrounding the fetus.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Embryo, Fetus, Uterus, Obstetrics, Ectopic pregnancy, Oligohydramnios


This is a pilot study to investigate the type and severity of emotional distress in women after early pregnancy loss (EPL), compared with a control group with ongoing pregnancies. The secondary aim was to assess whether miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy impacted differently on the type and severity of psychological morbidity.

Concepts: Psychology, Pregnancy, Obstetrics, Abortion, Miscarriage, Human chorionic gonadotropin, Ectopic pregnancy, Morning sickness


Recent closures of rural obstetric units and entire hospitals have exacerbated concerns about access to care for more than twenty-eight million women of reproductive age living in rural America. Yet the extent of recent obstetric unit closures has not yet been measured. Using national data, we found that 9 percent of rural counties experienced the loss of all hospital obstetric services in the period 2004-14. In addition, another 45 percent of rural US counties had no hospital obstetric services at all during the study period. That left more than half of all rural US counties without hospital obstetric services. Counties with fewer obstetricians and family physicians per women of reproductive age and per capita, respectively; a higher percentage of non-Hispanic black women of reproductive age; and lower median household incomes and those in states with more restrictive Medicaid income eligibility thresholds for pregnant women had higher odds of lacking hospital obstetric services. The same types of counties were also more likely to experience the loss of obstetric services, which highlights the challenge of providing adequate geographic access to obstetric care in vulnerable and underserved rural communities.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Obstetrics, Gestational diabetes, Units of measurement, Gestational age, Ectopic pregnancy, Household income in the United States


To evaluate the safety and efficacy of uterine artery embolisation in conjunction with hysteroscopic resection of trophoblast in the conservative treatment of cervical ectopic pregnancies.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Uterus, Obstetrics, Ectopic pregnancy


Essure is designed as a hysteroscopically placed permanent birth control. Removal of the Essure microinsert can be a technically challenging procedure. Requests for removal are uncommon but do occur. Although hysteroscopic and laparoscopic removal has been reported, there is limited information available describing appropriate surgical technique. There have been six patients requesting Essure removal at our institution (one approximately 2 years after placement). Based on this experience, we have developed specific counseling points and surgical principles for laparoscopic removal: avoid injection of a hemostatic solution into the fallopian tube; avoid excessive traction on the coils; avoid cauterization of the outer coil; follow the Essure coil into the interstitial end of the fallopian tube to ensure complete removal of the insert; perform a salpingectomy rather than a salpingostomy. By taking into account these principles, key preoperative counseling points can be discussed, and laparoscopic Essure removal years after placement can be accomplished in a safe and deliberate fashion.

Concepts: Surgery, Laparoscopic surgery, Ectopic pregnancy, Fallopian tube, Salpingectomy, Tubal ligation, Cauterization, Ambroise Paré


The Clinical Use Physical Activity Questionnaire for Pregnancy (CPAQpreg) is proposed as a rapid, simple and accurate method to identify pregnant women whose levels of physical activity fail to meet those recommended by the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG).(1) METHODS: A pilot validation of CPAQpreg was performed at Leeds General Infirmary, UK. Each participant completed CPAQpreg and the Pregnancy Physical Activity Questionnaire (PPAQ). PPAQ has previously been validated for use in pregnancy but is both time consuming and difficult to interpret.(2) Total amounts of physical activity (MET minutes/week(-1)) were calculated for each questionnaire and subdivided by intensity; moderate, vigorous and combined (moderate+vigorous). Each participant was classified as active or inactive in accordance with RCOG physical activity guidance.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Uterus, Obstetrics, Gestational diabetes, Abortion, Ectopic pregnancy, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists


Spontaneous rupture of the uterus is a life-threatening obstetric complication in rare cases associated with previously performed salpingectomy.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Uterus, Obstetrics, Ectopic pregnancy, Rupture of membranes


Ectopic pregnancies occur when the implantation of a fertilized ovum occurs outside of the endometrial cavity. The majority of ectopic pregnancies encountered in clinical practice are located within the fallopian tube. Abdominal pregnancies represent 1% of all ectopic pregnancies. Primary omental pregnancy, in which the extrauterine site of implantation is the greater omentum, is the least common form of abdominal pregnancy. The rarity of an ectopic pregnancy in the omentum and the absence of clinical symptoms often delays diagnosis and proper identification before rupture. The authors describe the case of a 23-year-old woman who had hemoperitoneum from a ruptured omental ectopic pregnancy that mimicked adnexal implantation. Her omental pregnancy was diagnosed through intraoperative exploration and osteopathic structural examination findings.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Uterus, Obstetrics, Menstrual cycle, Implantation, Ectopic pregnancy, Fallopian tube


Abdominal pregnancy is a rare condition which is usually missed during prenatal assessment particularly in settings lacking routine ultrasound surveillance. We report a case of abdominal pregnancy at 32 weeks, which is most likely to have been a tubal abortion with secondary implantation, leading to delivery of a healthy baby girl weighing 1.7 kg.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Embryo, Fetus, Obstetrics, Fertility, Abortion, Ectopic pregnancy


To examine the associations between tobacco exposure and adverse pregnancy outcomes using quantitative measures of lifetime active smoking and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure.

Concepts: Pregnancy, Smoking, Tobacco, Tobacco smoking, Obstetrics, Abortion, Miscarriage, Ectopic pregnancy