SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Dustin Thomason

357

Sitting behaviours have been linked with increased risk of all-cause mortality independent of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Previous studies have tended to examine single indicators of sitting or all sitting behaviours combined. This study aims to enhance the evidence base by examining the type-specific prospective associations of four different sitting behaviours as well as total sitting with the risk of all-cause mortality.

Concepts: Epidemiology, PH, Dustin Thomason, Cultural studies, Whitehall Study, Social determinants of health

208

Mark Tomlinson and colleagues question whether there is sufficient evidence on implementation and effectiveness to match the wide enthusiasm for mHealth interventions, and propose a global strategy to determine needed evidence to support mHealth scale-up.

Concepts: Dustin Thomason

122

Although a vaccine could be available as early as 2016, vector control remains the primary approach used to prevent dengue, the most common and widespread arbovirus of humans worldwide. We reviewed the evidence for effectiveness of vector control methods in reducing its transmission.

Concepts: Epidemiology, Malaria, Evidence-based medicine, Systematic review, Review, Dustin Thomason, Meta-analysis, Vector control

76

The majority of people experiencing mental-health problems do not seek help, and the stigma of mental illness is considered a major barrier to seeking appropriate treatment. More targeted interventions (e.g. at the workplace) seem to be a promising and necessary supplement to public campaigns, but little is known about their effectiveness. The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions targeting the stigma of mental illness at the workplace.

Concepts: Dustin Thomason, Mental illness

55

Cannabis users often claim that cannabis has the potential to enhance their creativity. Research suggests that aspects of creative performance might be improved when intoxicated with cannabis; however, the evidence is not conclusive.

Concepts: Critical thinking, Thought, Dustin Thomason, Creativity, Convergent and divergent production

38

To examine changes in the evidence on the adverse health effects of cannabis since 1993.

Concepts: Dustin Thomason

37

Protected areas are controversial because they are so important for conservation and because they distribute fortune and misfortune unevenly. The nature of that distribution, as well as the terrain of protected areas themselves, have been vigorously contested. In particular, the relationship between protected areas and poverty is a long-running debate in academic and policy circles. We review the origins of this debate and chart its key moments. We then outline the continuing flashpoints and ways in which further evaluation studies could improve the evidence base for policy-making and conservation practice.

Concepts: Evaluation, Distribution, Peer review, Dustin Thomason, Base, The Nature Conservancy

35

Mobile health (mHealth) is often reputed to be cost-effective or cost-saving. Despite optimism, the strength of the evidence supporting this assertion has been limited. In this systematic review the body of evidence related to economic evaluations of mHealth interventions is assessed and summarized.

Concepts: Economics, Dustin Thomason, Health informatics

34

The aim of this study was to describe systematically the best available intervention evidence for children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Concepts: Dustin Thomason, Intervention, Cerebral palsy

33

After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to: Evaluate the rationale for and current evidence supporting medication-assisted treatment of opioid use disorder.

Concepts: Opioid, Dustin Thomason