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Concept: Diaphragmatic hernia


We report the case of an adult patient recently diagnosed with cirrhosis. The ultrasound evaluation described a multinodular inhomogeneous liver, requiring a magnetic resonance imaging scan for further characterization. The performed magnetic resonance imaging examination confirmed the diagnosis of cirrhosis associated with portal hypertension and detected a vascular left transdiaphragmatic hernia. Although various types of diaphragmatic hernias have been described - congenital or acquired - to the best of our knowledge, this type of pathology has never been reported.

Concepts: Medical terms, Medical imaging, Liver, Nuclear magnetic resonance, Magnetic resonance imaging, Ultrasound, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Diaphragmatic hernia


Iatrogenic right diaphragmatic hernia is very rare. We report the first case of a patient who had a diaphragmatic hernia after laparoscopic fenestration of liver cyst. A herniorrhaphy of the diaphragmatic defect was carried out after reducing the herniated organ. The postoperative course was uneventful. Diaphragmatic hernias are not as common as the traumatic type. Surgeons can easily miss diaphragmatic injuries during the operation especially after laparoscopy. Late diagnosis of iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernias is frequent. Ct scan is helpful for diagnosis. Surgery is the treatment of diaphragmatic hernia at the time of diagnosis, even with asymptomatic patients. The incidence of iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia after surgery may be reduced if the surgeon checks for the integrity of the diaphragm before the end of the operation. A review of the literature is also performed regarding this rare complication.

Concepts: Hospital, Surgery, Liver, Physician, Hernia, Laparoscopic surgery, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Diaphragmatic hernia


Bochdalek hernia is the most common type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. It appears frequently in infants but rarely in adults. We present the case of a 50-year-old female han patient with tremendous left-sided congenital posterolateral diaphragmatic hernia (Bochdalek hernia) who also has a pair of supernumerary breasts and pulmonary hypoplasia of the lower-left lobe. The patient had an experience of misdiagnosis and she was treated for bronchitis for one year until being admitted to our hospital. This case study emphasizes the rare presentation of Bochdalek hernia in adults and the necessity of high clinical attention to similar cases.

Concepts: Lung, Patient, Case study, Case, Adult, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Diaphragmatic hernia, Bochdalek hernia



Iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernias are a rarely reported complication of abdominal surgery. We present a case of an iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia diagnosed 2 years after an adrenalectomy. Corrective laparoscopic surgery was performed, and the postoperative course was uneventful. The patient remained asymptomatic 6 months after the repair. To our knowledge, this is the first such case to be reported.

Concepts: Medicine, Medical terms, Surgery, Hernia, Bowel obstruction, Laparoscopic surgery, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Diaphragmatic hernia


This study examined survival in newborn patients after congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair.

Concepts: Patient, Hospital, Surgery, Hernia, Congenital disorders, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Diaphragmatic hernia


OBJECTIVE: To describe successful repair of a diaphragmatic hernia in a standing sedated horse using a minimally invasive thoracoscopic technique. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical report. ANIMALS: Warmblood mare with a diaphragmatic hernia. RESULTS: An 18-year-old Warmblood mare with severe colic was referred for surgical treatment of small intestinal strangulation in a diaphragmatic defect. Twelve days after initial conventional colic surgery, left-sided laparoscopy in the standing sedated mare for diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy failed because the spleen obscured the hernia. One week later, a left-sided thoracoscopy was performed in the standing sedated horse and the hernia repaired by an intrathoracic suture technique. No long-term complications occurred (up to 4 years) and the mare returned to her previous athletic activity, followed by use as a broodmare. CONCLUSIONS: To avoid the high risks associated with general anesthesia, and to reduce surgical trauma and postoperative recovery, central diaphragmatic hernias are amenable to repair using a minimally invasive thoracoscopic technique in the standing sedated horse.

Concepts: Surgery, Anesthesia, Hernia, Horse, Hernias, Herniorrhaphy, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Diaphragmatic hernia


Osteogenesis imperfecta and congenital diaphragmatic hernia are both conditions that can occur due to genetic mutation. We present the first case to be reported of a child with both osteogenesis imperfecta and congenital diaphragmatic hernias, showing that the incidence of this presentation may be more than chance.

Concepts: DNA, Genetics, Mutation, Evolution, Hernia, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Osteogenesis imperfecta, Diaphragmatic hernia


A 54-year-old man with a history of cerebral palsy and mental impairment presented with acute respiratory distress. He was afebrile and had a nonproductive cough. Examination revealed an absence of air sounds in the right hemithorax, with audible bowel sounds.

Concepts: Pulmonology, Medical terms, Pneumonia, Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Pulmonary contusion, Diaphragmatic hernia