SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

Concept: Cauda equina

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Acupuncture is a form of traditional Chinese medicine being increasingly used as complementary therapy in many countries. It is relatively safe and rarely associated with deep infections.

Concepts: Acupuncture, Alternative medicine, Han Dynasty, Traditional Chinese medicine, Qi, Moxibustion, Meridian, Cauda equina

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Degenerative stenotic spondylosis is not an uncommon cause of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and cauda equina lesions in the aged population. Limited standardization exists with respect to diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

Concepts: Medical terms, Population, Cauda equina

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Intraspinal epidural lymphangioma of cauda equina are extremely rare, only three cases have been reported in the past. We report a 63-year-old female with lymphangioma at S1-S2 level which was resected under epidural anesthesia using a percutaneous full endoscope with no evidence of recurrence at 19 months follow-up.

Concepts: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopy, Cauda equina

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Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a condition with significant implications and medico-legal profile. The literature still lacks large primary studies to provide strong evidence for a robust management pathway. Statements from Neurosurgical and Spinal societies support early diagnosis and imaging but this has not resulted in any noticeable shift in referral pattern. We strongly feel the need for a nationally agreed, evidence-based referral pathway in practice. We present our large series and in-depth analysis of the referral pathway to provide strong evidence for more robust referrals and management.

Concepts: Time, The Canon of Medicine, Avicenna, Cauda equina, Cauda equina syndrome, Evidence-based management, Nationality

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Conditions that affect the cauda equina are a diverse group of disorders that require timely recognition and management. This article reviews cauda equina anatomy, the diagnostic approach to disorders of the cauda equina, features of cauda equina syndrome, and diskogenic and nondiskogenic disorders of the cauda equina.

Concepts: Cauda equina, Cauda equina syndrome

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The goals of the study are to analyze postoperative outcomes and recurrence in cases of spinal cord and cauda equina ependymoma in each World Health Organization (WHO) Grade, and to examine the influence of extent of surgical removal on prognosis. Spinal ependymoma has a relatively high frequency among intramedullary spinal cord tumors. The tumor is classified in WHO guidelines as grades I, II, and III, but few studies have examined postoperative prognosis based on these grades.

Concepts: Spinal cord, World Health Organization, Cauda equina

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To quantify the clinical findings in patients with potential cauda equina syndrome (CES).

Concepts: Cauda equina, Cauda equina syndrome

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Concomitant mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm and lumbar tuberculous spondylitis with psoas abscess and cauda equina syndrome is extremely rare. This condition can cause serious life-threatening problems if not diagnosed and treated properly.

Concepts: Aortic aneurysm, Aneurysm, Aortic dissection, Aorta, Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva, Cauda equina, Cauda equina syndrome

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A 19-year-old woman presented with a history of severe lower backache and asymmetric proximal lower limb weakness during the past 3 months. In addition, she also suffered from lower motor neuron-type bladder and bowel symptoms. On examination, paraparesis was noted. Further, sensory examination suggested patchy asymmetric sensory loss in both lower limbs with saddle anaesthesia and areflexia. A clinical diagnosis of Conus-Cauda syndrome was made and contrast-enhanced MRI of the lumbar and sacral spine was done, which confirmed the presence of a mass lesion within the spinal canal involving the cauda equina extending up to the sacral level. She underwent partial resection of the lesion following which the neurological deficits and lower backache resolved. Histopathological evaluation and immunohistochemical analyses uncovered Rosai-Dorfman disease. There was no evidence of disease elsewhere in the body. Since the patient improved significantly following surgery and exhibited no further neurological worsening, she remains under close follow-up.

Concepts: Medicine, The Canon of Medicine, Symptoms, Pain, Limb, Human leg, Cauda equina, Lower limb

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Penetrating spinal injuries by wood are infrequently reported. They are particularly rare in children. Only 6 cases of wooden fragments causing penetrating intradural spinal injury have been reported. The authors report a case of a 3-year-old girl who suffered a penetrating wound on her lower back after sliding on a wood floor. A portion of the extraspinal part of the wooden splinter was removed prior to presentation; however, a high suspicion for retained foreign body was maintained. Findings on CT were equivocal, but the diagnosis was confirmed on MRI. An incomplete cauda equina syndrome was noted on examination. She was taken to the operating room for removal of the wooden foreign body, repair of a durotomy, and repair of a CSF leak. At 8 months after surgery, the patient had fully recovered without sequelae. The roles of imaging modalities, prophylactic antibiotics, and surgery are discussed.

Concepts: Medicine, Surgery, Physician, Injuries, Injury, Cauda equina, Paraplegia, Cauda equina syndrome