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Concept: Books

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THIS BOOK is aimed at providing practical advice to families, professionals and people living with dementia. It covers a variety of topics from what dementia is, to writing a letter of complaint.

Concepts: Writing, Paper, E-book, Book, Books, Monograph, Paper size, Profile Books

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WHILE THIS book is rooted in philosophy and methodological considerations, it is highly accessible and I would consider it essential reading for any health professional working with adolescents.

Concepts: Book, Books

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This paper introduces a new framework for the organization of electronic books (e-books) and their corresponding authors using a multilayer self-organizing map (MLSOM). An author is modeled by a rich tree-structured representation, and an MLSOM-based system is used as an efficient solution to the organizational problem of structured data. The tree-structured representation formulates author features in a hierarchy of author biography, books, pages, and paragraphs. To efficiently tackle the tree-structured representation, we used an MLSOM algorithm that serves as a clustering technique to handle e-books and their corresponding authors. A book and author recommender system is then implemented using the proposed framework. The effectiveness of our approach was examined in a large-scale data set containing 3868 authors along with the 10,500 e-books that they wrote. We also provided visualization results of MLSOM for revealing the relevance patterns hidden from presented author clusters. The experimental results corroborate that the proposed method outperforms other content-based models (e.g., rate adapting poisson, latent Dirichlet allocation, probabilistic latent semantic indexing, and so on) and offers a promising solution to book recommendation, author recommendation, and visualization.

Concepts: Paper, Writer, E-book, Information retrieval, Author, Book, Books, Latent semantic indexing

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THIS BOOK is a delight to read. It provides a practical, accessible overview of dementia and the current context of care from a range of perspectives and experts in the field.

Concepts: The Current, E-book, Book, American female singers, Academy Award for Best Actress, Books, Surnames

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The aim of the study was to evaluate the difference in legibility between e-books and paper books by using an eye tracker. Eight male and eight female subjects free of eye disease participated in the experiment. The experiment was conducted using a 2 × 3 within-subject design. The book type (e-book, paper book) and font size (8 pt, 10 pt, 12 pt) were independent variables, and fixation duration time, saccade length, blink rate and subjective discomfort were dependent variables. In the results, all dependent variables showed that reading paper books provided a better experience than reading e-books did. These results indicate that the legibility of e-books needs further improvement, considering fixation duration time, saccade movement, eye fatigue, device and so on.

Concepts: Eye, Saccade, Eye tracking, Paper, E-book, Typeface, Book, Books

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The BVA community (www.bva.co.uk/community) exploded with literary chat in January when we asked members to nominate their favourite read, for a chance to win a selection of books. Sarah Reeve, BVA marketing officer, announces the winners.

Concepts: E-book, Book, Books

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The present study investigated whether and how a picture book promoting carrots can increase young children’s carrot consumption. One hundred and four children (aged 4-6 years) participated in shared reading sessions using the book on five consecutive days in school. These children were assigned randomly to one of four experimental conditions. In a 2 x 2 between-subjects design, the reading style and character in the book were manipulated. The reading style was either passive (listening to the story) or interactive (also answering questions about the story). The character in the book fitted either conceptually well with carrots (a rabbit) or not (a turtle). Compared to a baseline group of 56 children who were not exposed to the book, the children in the experimental groups consumed almost twice as much carrots (in proportion to other foods consumed), F(1,159) = 7.08, p < .01. Results suggest that picture books are particularly effective when children are actively involved, answering questions about the story. Young children seem to enjoy this interactive shared reading style, triggering positive feelings that increase children's liking and consumption of the healthy food promoted in the book.

Concepts: Present, Carrot, E-book, Book, Active listening, Children's literature, Books, Picture book