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Concept: Academy Award


Govinda Visvesvara officially retired from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA on September 30, 2013 after a distinguished career in identifying, diagnosing and improving methods for culturing free-living and pathogenic protists. A prolific researcher and author, he has consistently contributed to the literature with publications over his career, many of which have been with collaborators from all parts of the world. His research has earned him numerous honors and awards including election to fellowship in the American Academy of Microbiology and the CDC’s McDade Award for Lifetime Scientific Achievement. This Festschrift is dedicated to him by colleagues in recognition of his pioneering studies and professional accomplishments. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Concepts: Bacteria, Research, Pathogen, All rights reserved, Copyright, Georgia, Award, Academy Award


The present research examines the extent to which the recognition of creative performance is structured by social group membership. It does this by analysing the award of merit prizes for Best Actor and Actress in a Leading Role for the international award of US-based Oscars and British-based BAFTAs since BAFTA’s inception of this category in 1968. For both awards, the exclusive assessment criterion is the quality of artists' performance in the international arena. Results show that US artists won a greater proportion of Oscars than BAFTAs (odds ratio: 2.10), whereas British artists won a greater proportion of BAFTAs than Oscars (OR: 2.26). Furthermore, results support the hypothesis that these patterns are more pronounced as the diagnostic value of a quality indicator increases - that is, in the conferring of actual awards rather than nominations. Specifically, US artists won a greater proportion of Oscar awards than nominations (OR: 1.77), while British artists won a greater proportion of BAFTA awards than nominations (OR: 1.62). Additional analyses show that the performances of in-group actors in movies portraying in-group culture (US culture in the case of Oscars, British culture in the case of BAFTAs) are more likely to be recognized than the performances of in-group actors in movies portraying the culture of other (out-)groups. These are the first data to provide clear evidence from the field that the recognition of exceptional creative performance is enhanced by shared social identity between perceivers and performers.

Concepts: Award, Actor, Academy Award, Kate Winslet, Academy Award for Best Actress, Leonardo DiCaprio, British Academy of Film and Television Arts, British Academy Film Awards


The most valuable texts of 2017, as chosen by AJN’s panel of judges.

Concepts: Academy Award


The most valuable texts of 2016, as chosen by AJN’s panel of judges.

Concepts: Academy Award


The European Pancreatic Club Lifetime Achievement award is a distinction awarded for research on the pancreas. It comes with the obligation to submit a review article to the society’s journal, Pancreatology. Since the research topics of my group have recently been covered in reviews and book chapters I want to use this opportunity to appraise the stations of my clinical and research education, the projects that I pursued and abandoned, the lessons I have learned from them, and the women and men who influenced my training and development as a physician scientist. Some crossed my path, some become collaborators and friends, and some turned into role models and had a lasting impact on my life.

Concepts: Award, Awards, Academy Award, Certificate


There is limited research in talent identification in youth Australian Football (AF), especially the factors that underpin selection into higher-level development programs. Therefore, this study explored age-related differences in high-level youth AF players and investigated characteristics influencing selection into a high-level development program. Anthropometry (stature, sitting height, body mass), maturity (estimated age at peak height velocity), motor competence (Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder), fitness (change of direction speed, lower body power and upper body muscular endurance) and coach skill ratings (kicking, marking and handballing) of 277 state academy players (U13-U15) were assessed. MANOVAs identified significant age-related differences for anthropometry, fitness, and coach skill ratings. Furthermore, 90.9 and 90.0% of U15 selected and deselected players were classified correctly. Selected players were more mature, taller, heavier, more explosive, faster at changing directions, and had superior kick technique and marking results. These results demonstrate considerable age-group performance outcome differences, highlighting that high-level academies should aim to select or deselect after 15 years of age. Additionally, it appears earlier maturing players are favoured for selection into a high-level academy. While practitioners must consider the confounding effect of maturation, early maturing players may be favoured for their ability to withstand increasing demands in higher-level youth AF.

Concepts: Natural selection, Anthropometry, Human height, Selection, Football, Australian rules football, Academy Award


Gordon H. Sato, an innovator in mammalian tissue culture and integrated cellular physiology, passed away in 2017. In tribute to Dr. Sato, In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology-Animal presents a collection of invited remembrances from six colleagues whose associations with Dr. Sato spanned more than 40 years. Dr. Sato was a past president of the Tissue Culture Association (now the Society for In Vitro Biology), editor-in-chief of In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology (1987-1991), and the recipient of the lifetime achievement award from the Society for In Vitro Biology (2002). He was elected to the US National Academy of Sciences in 1984.

Concepts: Histology, Science, Civilization, Academy Award


The objective of this paper is to assess synkinesis associated with post paretic voluntary facial movements using the objective OSCAR method and to investigate the correlation between synkinesis and paresis to compare the objective results with the subjective scaling systems of Fisch and House-Brackmann. The development of an objective assessment of synkinesis with the OSCAR method is focused on the clinically most relevant eye-mouth and forehead-mouth synkinetic movements. Thirteen patients with unilateral facial paralysis and synkinesis of the University Hospital Zurich were examined. Two types of clinically relevant facial synkinesis were found: a maximal synkinesis and a relative synkinesis. Neither Synkinesis-Index correlates well with the underlying degree of global facial palsy. The relative Synkinesis-Index (rSI) correlates well with the subjective evaluation of synkinesis according to the Fisch Grading, but shows a poor correlation with the traditional House-Brackmann grading. Therefore a single scaling index combining the degree of facial nerve palsy and synkinesis is inappropriate and we propose the use of two independent scaling systems for the evaluation of facial palsy: one for the voluntary facial movements, the other for the involuntary synkinetic movements. The adequate evaluation of the post paretic face should include the results of both scaling systems.

Concepts: Nervous system, Evaluation, Assessment, Cranial nerves, Educational evaluation, Bell's palsy, Academy Award, Paresis


Presented as part of the Ellen Skellern lifetime achievement award in 2016 this paper reflects on a career in mental health nursing and academia spanning 53 years. The presentation offers a series of key lessons learned in that time. They include observations on health care organisations, educational experiences, the nursing profession and the illusion of permanence in health care service organisations and the buildings that house them. The paper offers an account of how a profession must constantly develop to be relevant and how the demolition of both buildings and organisations have been a fact of life in the five decades reported.

Concepts: Health care, Psychology, Health, Philosophy of science, Knowledge, Nursing, Psychiatric and mental health nursing, Academy Award


In the traditional osmorespiratory compromise, fish increase their effective gill permeability to O2 during exercise or hypoxia, and in consequence suffer unfavorable ionic and osmotic fluxes. However oscars, which live in the frequently hypoxic ion-poor waters of the Amazon, actually decrease ionic fluxes across the gills during acute hypoxia without changing gill paracellular permeability, and exhibit rapid paving over of the mitochondrial-rich cells (MRCs). But what happens during prolonged exercise? Gill paracellular permeability, ionic fluxes, and gill morphology were examined in juvenile oscars at rest and during aerobic swimming. Initial validation tests with urinary catheterized fish quantified drinking, glomerular filtration, and urinary flow rates, and confirmed that measurements of gill paracellular permeability as [(3)H]PEG-4000 clearances were the same in efflux and influx directions, but far lower than previously measured in comparably sized trout. Although the oscars achieved a very similar proportional increase (90 %) in oxygen consumption (MO2) to trout during steady-state swimming at 1.2 body lengths sec(-1), there was no increase in gill paracellular permeability, in contrast to trout. However, oscars did exhibit increased unidirectional Na(+) efflux and net K(+) rates during exercise, but no change in drinking rate. There were no changes in MRC numbers or exposure, or other alterations in gill morphology during exercise. A substantial interlamellar cell mass (ILCM) that covered the lamellae to a depth of 30 % was unchanged by 4 h of swimming activity. We conclude that a low branchial paracellular permeability which can be dissociated from changes in O2 flux, as well as the presence of the ILCM, may be adaptive in limiting ionoregulatory costs for a species endemic to ion-poor, frequently hypoxic waters.

Concepts: Measurement, Hypoxia, Change, Amazon River, Gill, Academy Award, Academy Award for Best Picture, Bob Hope