A Simple and Sensitive Gas Chromatography Method for Determination of Isosorbide Dinitrate and its Metabolites in Human Plasma: Application to Pharmacokinetics Study on Oral Spray
Drug research | 2 Aug 2013
Z Jiang, C Wei, Z Sun, J Guo, R Li, R Zhang, G Yuan and R Guo
A sensitive method for the simultaneous determination of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) and its mononitrate metabolites, isosorbide 2-mononitrate and isosorbide 5-mononitrate (IS-2-MN and IS-5-MN), in human plasma was developed using capillary gas chromatography with electron-capture detection, whereas 1,2,4-butanetriol trinitrate was used as internal standard. The analytes were extracted with a simple liquid-liquid extraction from plasma and separated on a DB-1 column. The results of method validation demonstrated that the calibration curves were linear in range of 2-60 ng/mL for ISDN and IS-5-MN, 1-20 ng/mL for IS-2-MN, respectively. The precision (RSD%) was less than 15%, and the lower limit of quantitation was identifiable and reproducible at 2 ng/mL for ISDN and IS-5-MN, 1 ng/mL for IS-2-MN. The analytes in plasma were stable after being stored for more than 30 days and after 2 freeze-thaw cycles (-20 to 25°C). And then this method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic investigation on isosorbide dinitrate oral spray in healthy volunteers.
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