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World Health Organization declares Global Emergency: A review of the 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

OPEN International journal of surgery (London, England) | 1 Mar 2020

C Sohrabi, Z Alsafi, N O'Neill, M Khan, A Kerwan, A Al-Jabir, C Iosifidis and R Agha
Abstract
An unprecedented outbreak of pneumonia of unknown aetiology in Wuhan City, Hubei province in China emerged in December of 2019. A novel coronavirus was identified as the causative agent and was subsequently termed COVID-19 by the World Health Organization (WHO). Considered a relative of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), COVID-19 is a betacoronavirus that affects the lower respiratory tract and manifests as pneumonia in humans. Despite rigorous global containment and quarantine efforts, the incidence of COVID-19 continues to rise, with 50,580 laboratory-confirmed cases and 1,526 deaths worldwide. In response to this global outbreak, we summarise the current state of knowledge surrounding COVID-19.
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