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Intraosseous ganglion cyst within the L4 lamina causing spinal stenosis.

The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society | 20 Nov 2012

JD Lin, SM Koehler, RA Garcia, SA Qureshi and AC Hecht
Abstract
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There are rare reports of intraosseous ganglion cysts in the cervical spine. However, to our knowledge, there are no previous reports of these cysts occurring in the lumbar spine. PURPOSE: To report a case of symptomatic lumbar spinal stenosis caused by an intraosseous ganglion cyst of the L4 lamina that communicated with the spinal canal. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: An 86-year-old woman was referred to our spine service for a 2-year history of anterior thigh and leg pain. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a benign-appearing intraosseous cyst in the left L4 lamina communicating with a posterior epidural cyst at L4-L5 causing marked spinal stenosis. The patient was treated successfully with a laminectomy and resection. RESULTS: The patient underwent partial laminectomies of L4 and L5 preserving the interspinous ligaments between L5-S1 and L3-L4. The cyst was removed en bloc without violation of the cyst wall. Histopathologic examination revealed focal myxoid changes without a cellular lining of the cyst wall, confirming the diagnosis of intraosseous ganglion cyst. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report to describe an intraosseous ganglion cyst occurring in the lumbar spine. Although spinal stenosis is commonly a result of degenerative joint or disc disease, it occasionally may result from more obscure causes. This case illustrates a patient with an intraosseous ganglion cyst within the spinal lamina resulting in spinal stenosis, treated successfully with a laminectomy and resection.
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Concepts
Magnetic resonance imaging, Bones of the torso, Cervical vertebrae, Causality, Vertebral column, Lumbar vertebrae, Ganglion cyst, Cyst
MeSH headings
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