SciCombinator

Discover the most talked about and latest scientific content & concepts.

M Mulero-Pázmány, S Jenni-Eiermann, N Strebel, T Sattler, JJ Negro and Z Tablado
Abstract
The use of small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS; also known as “drones”) for professional and personal-leisure use is increasing enormously. UAS operate at low altitudes (<500 m) and in any terrain, thus they are susceptible to interact with local fauna, generating a new type of anthropogenic disturbance that has not been systematically evaluated. To address this gap, we performed a review of the existent literature about animals' responses to UAS flights and conducted a pooled analysis of the data to determine the probability and intensity of the disturbance, and to identify the factors influencing animals' reactions towards the small aircraft. We found that wildlife reactions depended on both the UAS attributes (flight pattern, engine type and size of aircraft) and the characteristics of animals themselves (type of animal, life-history stage and level of aggregation). Target-oriented flight patterns, larger UAS sizes, and fuel-powered (noisier) engines evoked the strongest reactions in wildlife. Animals during the non-breeding period and in large groups were more likely to show behavioral reactions to UAS, and birds are more prone to react than other taxa. We discuss the implications of these results in the context of wildlife disturbance and suggest guidelines for conservationists, users and manufacturers to minimize the impact of UAS. In addition, we propose that the legal framework needs to be adapted so that appropriate actions can be undertaken when wildlife is negatively affected by these emergent practices.
Tweets*
53
Facebook likes*
1
Reddit*
0
News coverage*
10
Blogs*
2
SC clicks
0
Concepts
Aircraft, Unmanned Aircraft System, Animal, Flight, Internal combustion engine, Unmanned aerial vehicle, Fixed-wing aircraft, Helicopter
MeSH headings
-
comments powered by Disqus

* Data courtesy of Altmetric.com