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[Evidence-based Lichtenstein technique]

Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen | 21 Mar 2017

W Reinpold and D Chen
Abstract
Lichtenstein hernioplasty is the number one technique worldwide for open, mesh-based inguinal hernia repair. The principle of Lichtenstein hernioplasty is the tension-free reinforcement of the abdominal wall by covering the transversalis fascia and the oblique muscles with an artificial patch of mesh. The Lichtenstein technique has been modified since its inception. The technique has the benefits of low costs and a rapid learning curve and can be performed with the patient under local anesthesia. The recurrence rates after the Lichtenstein operation are significantly lower compared to open suture repair and equal to laparoendoscopic techniques. Compared to laparoendoscopic techniques the Lichtenstein operation is associated with less severe visceral lesions but more early postoperative and chronic pain; however, the chronic pain rates in long-term follow-up studies are comparable.
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Concepts
Herniorrhaphy, Local anesthesia, Transversalis fascia, Abdomen, Hernias, Inguinal hernia, Hernia, Surgery
MeSH headings
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