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MA Ferguson, JA Nielsen, JB King, L Dai, DM Giangrasso, R Holman, JR Korenberg and JS Anderson
Abstract
High-level cognitive and emotional experience arises from brain activity, but the specific brain substrates for religious and spiritual euphoria remain unclear. We demonstrate using fMRI scans in 19 devout Mormons that a recognizable feeling central to their devotional practice was reproducibly associated with activation in nucleus accumbens, ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and frontal attentional regions. Nucleus accumbens activation preceded peak spiritual feelings by 1-3 seconds and was replicated in 4 separate tasks. Attentional activation in the anterior cingulate and frontal eye fields was greater in the right hemisphere. The association of abstract ideas and brain reward circuitry may interact with frontal attentional and emotive salience processing, suggesting a mechanism whereby doctrinal concepts may come to be intrinsically rewarding and motivate behavior in religious individuals.
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Concepts
Basal ganglia, Frontal lobe, Ventromedial prefrontal cortex, Neuroanatomy, Prefrontal cortex, Brain, Limbic system, Cerebrum
MeSH headings
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