Sport and Transgender People: A Systematic Review of the Literature Relating to Sport Participation and Competitive Sport Policies
OPEN Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.) | 5 Oct 2016
BA Jones, J Arcelus, WP Bouman and E Haycraft
Whether transgender people should be able to compete in sport in accordance with their gender identity is a widely contested question within the literature and among sport organisations, fellow competitors and spectators. Owing to concerns surrounding transgender people (especially transgender female individuals) having an athletic advantage, several sport organisations place restrictions on transgender competitors (e.g. must have undergone gender-confirming surgery). In addition, some transgender people who engage in sport, both competitively and for leisure, report discrimination and victimisation.
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