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Oral immunotherapy for food allergy: towards a new horizon

OPEN Allergy, asthma & immunology research | 2 Jan 2013

E Khoriaty and DT Umetsu
Abstract
Food allergy has increased dramatically in prevalence over the past decade in westernized countries, and is now a major public health problem. Unfortunately for patients with food allergy, there is no effective therapy beyond food allergen avoidance, and rapid medical treatment for accidental exposures. Recently, oral immunotherapy (OIT) has been investigated as a treatment for this problem. In this review, we will discuss the progress in developing OIT for food allergy, including a novel approach utilizing Xolair (anti-IgE monoclonal antibody, omalizumab) in combination with OIT. This combination may enhance both the safety and efficacy of oral immunotherapy, and could lead to a widely available and safe therapy for food allergy.
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Concepts
Immunoglobulin E, Allergy, Medicine, Immune system, Monoclonal antibodies, Food allergy, Immunology, Asthma
MeSH headings
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